A typical height range that would cover many of the common bamboos grown in the United States is 4.5–12 m (15–39 ft), depending on species. The subfamily in its current sense belongs to the BOP clade of grasses, where it is sister to the Pooideae (bluegrasses and relatives). [5] It may have been the first foreign species introduced into the United States by Europeans. The longest mass flowering interval known is 130 years, and it is for the species Phyllostachys bambusoides (Sieb. [22] New culms can only form at the very tip of the rhizome. Curious to see such a long bamboo, the landlord was magically joined to the bamboo when he touched it, as the young farmer said the first two magic words. [59], Several manufacturers offer bamboo bicycles, surfboards, snowboards, and skateboards. Bụt gave to him four magic words to attach the many nodes of bamboo: Khắc nhập, khắc xuất, which means "joined together immediately, fell apart immediately". Bamboo Genus and Other Classification. A Phylogeny of the Grass Family (Poaceae) Based on ndhF Sequence Data. common bamboo; Variety. These seeds give rise to a new generation of plants that may be identical in appearance to those that preceded the flowering, or they may produce new cultivars with different characteristics, such as the presence or absence of striping or other changes in coloration of the culms. Following more recent molecular phylogenetic research, many tribes and genera of grasses formerly included in the Bambusoideae are now classified in other subfamilies, e.g. S.Satya, L.M. In Assam, India, for example, it is called khorisa. Just as a bamboo is hollow-hearted, he should open his heart to accept anything of benefit and never have arrogance or prejudice. ex Wendl. This fermented bamboo shoot is used in various culinary preparations, notably amil, a sour vegetable soup. Bambusa tulda is important to its environment. [7][31], Though not suited for small yards, as it grows in large clumps,[13] young plants of golden bamboo can be grown in large containers. The edulis part of the Latin name refers to its edible shoots. In Japanese architecture, bamboo is used primarily as a supplemental or decorative element in buildings such as fencing, fountains, grates, and gutters, largely due to the ready abundance of quality timber. Bamboo leaves are also used as wrappers for steamed dumplings which usually contains glutinous rice and other ingredients. Common Name(s): Bamboo Scientific Name: Hundreds of species among dozens of genera from the Poaceae (grass) family (Many timber-producing bamboos are from the Phyllostachys and Bambusa genera) Distribution: Most timber-producing bamboos are from south Asia Tree Size: Some of the largest bamboos can be up to 50-100 ft (15-30 m) tall, with a 3-6 in (10-20 cm) diameter The listings here hold a few gems of particular interest for the history buff. It is the preferred food of panda bears. This group is often distinguished as, 'Kimmei': Culms yellow, striped with green, 'Maculata': Green culms mottled with black, turning mostly black with aging, 'Wamin Striata': Grows up to 5 m (16 ft) tall, light green striped in dark green, with swollen lower internodes, This page was last edited on 14 July 2020, at 14:21. However, a mutant bamboo plant flowering at an integer multiple of its population's flowering interval would release its seeds only during collective flowering events, and would release more seeds than the average plant in the population. [8][9], Bamboos have long been considered the most primitive grasses, mostly because of the presence of bracteate, indeterminate inflorescences, "pseudospikelets", and flowers with three lodicules, six stamens, and three stigmata. [41], Bamboo used for construction purposes must be harvested when the culms reach their greatest strength and when sugar levels in the sap are at their lowest, as high sugar content increases the ease and rate of pest infestation. Nodes are slightly inflated. Lucky Bamboo plant clade, plant tribe and order fall under the scientific classification of Lucky Bamboo. SCIENTIFIC NAME OF COMMON BAMBOO – In this topic, we are going to know and identify the scientific name of common bamboo. A mutant bamboo plant flowering at a noninteger multiple of its population's flowering interval would release its seeds alone, and would not enjoy the benefits of collective flowering (such as protection from predators). [7], Young shoots of the plant, cooked or pickled,[11] are edible and eaten throughout Asia. [6][7], Bambusa vulgaris forms moderately loose clumps and has no thorns. Subfamily of flowering plants in the grass family Poaceae, Bamboo foliage with yellow stems (probably, Bamboo foliage with black stems (probably, A bamboo hedge contained by an in-ground barrier, shown during and after construction, Brauen, M. Bamboo in Old Japan: Art and Culture on the Threshold to Modernity. [5][7] It is highly concentrated in the Indomalayan rainforests. Bambusa Schreb. Listed below are some of the more commonly used species for creating flooring. Scientific name is the name conforming to the International Code of Nomenclature for algae, fungi, and plants (ICN). Lucky Bamboo Plant. Other recipes using bamboo shoots are sayur lodeh (mixed vegetables in coconut milk) and lun pia (sometimes written lumpia: fried wrapped bamboo shoots with vegetables). These taxa exhibit mass flowering (or gregarious flowering), with all plants in a particular 'cohort' flowering over a several-year period. In milder climates, such as USDA zone 7 and above, most bamboo remain fully leafed out and green year-round. Lucky Bamboo Genus and Other Classification. Another, the fire cycle hypothesis, states that periodic flowering followed by death of the adult plants has evolved as a mechanism to create disturbance in the habitat, thus providing the seedlings with a gap in which to grow. Bamboo textile is any cloth, yarn or clothing made from bamboo fibres. The common name of this plant in Spanish is Bambú. In Philippine mythology, one of the more famous creation accounts tells of the first man, Malakás ("Strong"), and the first woman, Maganda ("Beautiful"), each emerged from one half of a split bamboo stem on an island formed after the battle between Sky and Ocean. The lack of environmental impact on the time of flowering indicates the presence of some sort of "alarm clock" in each cell of the plant which signals the diversion of all energy to flower production and the cessation of vegetative growth. As these names vary from region to region, scientists came up with one single name for all plants, which are called scientific names. [7], Common bamboo has a wide variety of uses, including the stems used as fuel and the leaves used as fodder,[7][29] though a large amount of ingestion of leaves is known to cause neurological disorder among horses. [7] At the interval of several decades, the whole population of an area blooms at once,[13] and individual stems bear a large number of flowers. The Hans Sporry Collection in the Ethnographic Museum of Zurich University. The shoots of some species contain toxins that need to be leached or boiled out before they can be eaten safely. Bamboo has traditionally been used to make a wide range of everyday utensils and cutting boards, particularly in Japan,[57] where archaeological excavations have uncovered bamboo baskets dating to the Late Jōmon period (2000–1000 BC). The larvae of the bamboo borer (the moth Omphisa fuscidentalis) of Laos, Myanmar, Thailand and Yunnan, China feed off the pulp of live bamboo. This brief life means culms are ready for harvest and suitable for use in construction within about three to seven years. [3], In bamboo, as in other grasses, the internodal regions of the stem are usually hollow and the vascular bundles in the cross-section are scattered throughout the stem instead of in a cylindrical arrangement. vittata A. Durability of bamboo in construction is directly related to how well it is handled from the moment of planting through harvesting, transportation, storage, design, construction, and maintenance. and Brent Furbee. It can also be used to make particle boards and flexible packaging grade paper. It sucks up water from heavy rains that might cause flooding. Water is pumped through the freshly cut culms, forcing out the sap (this method is often used in conjunction with the injection of some form of treatment). Phyllostachys strata (Lodd. Genus is a group of plants which are related to each other in some or the other way. Which one is your favourite bamboo? The Japanese folktale "Tale of the Bamboo Cutter" (Taketori Monogatari) tells of a princess from the Moon emerging from a shining bamboo section. [9] The species is one of the most successful bamboos in Pakistan, Tanzania, and Brazil. Hawaiian bamboo ('ohe) is a kinolau or body form of the Polynesian creator god Kāne. It takes on the flavor of anything it is cooked with. Some can send out runners of several metres a year, while others can stay in the same general area for long periods. A bamboo filter is used to remove the salt from seawater[dubious – discuss].[62]. Bamboo plays an important part of the culture of Vietnam. The scientific name of Giant Timber Bamboo is the botanical name or formal name. Graceful or Gracilis Bamboo reaches heights of 25 ft with 1 in culms and is of the non invasive clumping bamboo variety Graceful bamboo is often used for…. [7] The worldwide production and trade of B. vulgaris is considerable, though no statistics are available. Common Names: Spineless Indian Bamboo, Calcutta Cane. The death of the bamboo plants following their fruiting means the local people lose their building material; and the large increase in bamboo fruit leads to a rapid increase in rodent populations. Bamboo forestry (also known as bamboo farming, cultivation, agriculture or agroforestry) is a cultivation and raw material industry that provides the raw materials for the broader bamboo industry. Siebold ex Munro: golden goddess bamboo BANA3: Bambusa nana Roxb. Bambusa vulgaris Schrad. Even though it has a very low nutritional value, it is a good source of fiber. The woody bamboos do not form a monophyletic group; instead, the tropical woody and herbaceous bamboos are sister to the temperate woody bamboos. You must know Binomial Nomenclature or Scientific Name of Bamboo × Close Register here. Likewise, identification of bamboos with common or local names, is absolutely discouraged because a bamboo species has many local names not only in the place where it grows, but also in the town or provinces, where it is found growing or marketed. [38][39] In 1997, an international intergovernmental organization was established to promote the development of the bamboo cultivation, the International Bamboo and Rattan Organisation. is an accepted name. [37] Farmers in Africa sometimes prefer to buy it rather than plant it, as they believe it harms the soil.[38]. Anji County of China, known as the "Town of Bamboo", provides the optimal climate and soil conditions to grow, harvest, and process some of the most valued bamboo poles available worldwide. In these practices, it is said to represent good luck and happiness, making it an ideal and popular gift in business and personal matters. It could, therefore, take over the population, establishing a flowering interval that is an integer multiple of the previous flowering interval. Systematic Botany 20(4): 436–460. Fiber corporation Resource Fiber is contracting farmers in the United States for Bamboo cultivation. Pratia. info) is a group of woody perennial grasses in the true grass family … Bamboo plant clade, plant tribe and order fall under the scientific classification of Bamboo. Bambusa vulgaris Schrad. It is popularly used as an ornamental plant in containers and enjoys consistently moist and fertile soil. Species: tulda. The dicotyledonous woody xylem is also absent. [12] However, many species are found in diverse climates, ranging from hot tropical regions to cool mountainous regions and highland cloud forests. Bamboo genus and other classification is necessary information to know for every botanist. The main purpose of having a scientific name is to have a same name accepted and used worldwide. [55] With the help of molecular tools, it is now possible to distinguish the superior fiber-yielding species/varieties even at juvenile stages of their growth, which can help in unadulterated merchandise production.[56]. For example, devastating consequences occur when the Melocanna bambusoides population flowers and fruits once every 30–35 years[27] around the Bay of Bengal. Photo by Flickr.. It also provides shelter for many animals. B. vulgaris is a species of the large genus Bambusa of the clumping bamboo tribe Bambuseae,[20] which are found largely in tropical and subtropical areas of Asia, especially in the wet tropics. Mountain gorillas of Central Africa also feed on bamboo, and have been documented consuming bamboo sap which was fermented and alcoholic;[15] chimpanzees and elephants of the region also eat the stalks. [15] In the Americas, bamboo has a native range from 47 °S in southern Argentina and the beech forests of central Chile, through the South American tropical rainforests, to the Andes in Ecuador near 4,300 m (14,000 ft). Bamboo is not only a symbol of a gentleman, but also plays an important role in Buddhism, which was introduced into China in the first century. Arundarbor orientalis (Nees) Kuntze: Dugian (Bik.) The split cane rod is especially prized for fly fishing. Once the poles are lined up together, they cut a hole crosswise through the poles at each end and use a small bamboo pole pushed through that hole like a screw to hold all the long bamboo poles together. Scientific name: Bambusa Ventricosa Common name: Buddha Belli Bamboo From: Vietnam, Taiwan and southern china ... We are an agroindustrial company, founded in the year 1980. The scientific name of Clumping Bamboo is the botanical name or formal name. It is very easy to grow and maintain. In a Chinese legend, the Emperor Yao gave two of his daughters to the future Emperor Shun as a test for his potential to rule. Cut culms are immersed in a running stream and weighted down for three to four weeks. It is a New Latin term which is from the Dutch bamboes, which means “ bamboo “. Likewise, identification of bamboos with common or local names, is absolutely discouraged because a bamboo species has many local names not only in the place where it grows, but also in the town or provinces, where it is found growing or marketed. Arnoldsche Art Publishers: Stuttgart, McCallum, T. M. Containing Beauty: Japanese Bamboo Flower Baskets. 1995. These rats can also carry dangerous diseases, such as typhus, typhoid, and bubonic plague, which can reach epidemic proportions as the rodents increase in number. Fruits + Chicago Hardy Fig. Plants by Scientific Names, U-Z . [21] The Bambuseae are a group of perennial evergreens in subfamily Bambusoideae, characterized by having three stigmata and tree-like behavior,[23] that are in turn of the true grass family Poaceae. The main purpose of having a scientific name is to have a same name accepted and used worldwide. Phyllostachys edulis, the moso bamboo, or tortoise-shell bamboo, or mao zhu (Chinese: 毛竹; pinyin: máozhú), (Japanese モウソウチク(孟宗竹)) is a temperate species of giant timber bamboo native to China and Taiwan and naturalised elsewhere, including Japan where it is widely distributed south of Hokkaido. In the case of the Philippine bamboos, there are a number of taxonomic problems. In the Congo, its leaves are used as part of a treatment against measles; in Nigeria, an infusion of macerated leaves is taken against sexually transmitted diseases and as an abortifacient – the latter has been shown to work in rabbits. ex Lindley) Gamble; Bambusa vulgaris var. Ballarpur (Chandrapur, Maharstra) paper mills use bamboo for paper production. Many uses are found in herbal medicine, though the effects are not clinically proven. [29] Certain bamboos have become problematic, such as Phyllostachys species of bamboo are also considered invasive and illegal to sell or propagate in some areas of the US.[30]. [5][11] It is also cooked with tender pumpkin leaves to make sag green leaves. Ulmus americana was long an important street tree in North America. Bamboo is cut after three years of its germination. [7] The culm is used to make many parts of boats including masts, rudders, outriggers, and boating poles. It is also possible to make dissolving pulp from bamboo. [7] When a stem dies, the clump usually survives. Several Asian cultures, including that of the Andaman Islands, believe humanity emerged from a bamboo stem. Scientific Name and Common Name; Kingdom: Plantae – Plants Subkingdom: Tracheobionta – Vascular plants Superdivision: Spermatophyta – Seed plants Division: Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants Class We are interested in activities related to bamboo, including sowing, construction and multiple uses of this magnificent and versatile material. [7], Golden bamboo is considered in many traditions across Asia to have medicinal value. [50] Retailers have sold both end products as "bamboo fabric" to cash in on bamboo's current ecofriendly cachet; however, the Canadian Competition Bureau[51] and the US Federal Trade Commission,[52] as of mid-2009, are cracking down on the practice of labeling bamboo rayon as natural bamboo fabric. Bambusa vulgaris, common bamboo, is an open-clump type bamboo species. Most Bambusa species are rather large, and like all clumpers, they require a wide growing area to reach full size. The triumphant farmer returned to the landlord and demanded his daughter. [18] In the United States, several companies are growing, harvesting, and distributing species such as Phyllostachys nigra (Henon) and Phyllostachys edulis (Moso). However, another argument against this is the lack of precedent for any living organism to harness something as unpredictable as lightning strikes to increase its chance of survival as part of natural evolutionary progress.[24]. Download this stock image: Bamboo Moso Scientific Name Phyllostachys Pubescens growing Queensland Australia dsc 9153 - A0KM87 from Alamy's library of millions of high resolution stock photos, illustrations and vectors. Some species of bamboo are used as ornamentals in landscape gardens. A genus of tropical and subtropical clumping bamboos from Asia, America and Africa that shoot all year 'round, especially summer and fall. [7] The shoots are tender and whitish pink[clarification needed], and have a fair canning quality. Bamboo has a wide range of hardiness depending on species and locale. East Asian artists, poets, and epicures have long celebrated the beauty and utility of bamboo in paintings and verse. In addition, bamboo is frequently used for cooking utensils within many cultures, and is used in the manufacture of chopsticks. Countless poems praising bamboo written by ancient Chinese poets are actually metaphorically about people who exhibited these characteristics. A rainforest has plenty of water for this plant to grow. [9] It grows best under humid conditions, but can tolerate unfavorable conditions like low temperatures and drought. The most common bamboo species used for paper are Dendrocalamus asper and Bambusa blumeana. Bamboo (Engl.) Bamboo is an alternative to plastic that is renewable and can be replenished at a fast rate. This bamboo is native to China and gets its common name from its lumpy internodes, which resemble the bulging belly of Buddha. Arundarbor arundinacea (Retz.) Bamboo has often been used to construct weapons and is still incorporated in several Asian martial arts. Several branches develop from mid-culm nodes and above. In the next year, the pulpy wall of each culm slowly hardens. A similar method is undertaken, but with the base of the culm standing in fresh water, either in a large drum or stream to leach out sap. Museum of Cultural History, UCLA: Los Angeles. Once flowering takes place, a plant declines and often dies entirely. Bamboo has the ability to grow in regions that range from the sub-Sarahan deserts of Africa, to the cold mountain terrain of the Himalayas. However, for the plant’s culm bulges to become exaggerated, it needs to be kept without fertilizer or in dry soil. [15] The easy propagation of B. vulgaris explains its seemingly wild occurrence. Bamboo describes a whole variety of species which each have their own slight differences. Scientific name is the name conforming to the International Code of Nomenclature for algae, fungi, and plants (ICN). [10], The bambusoid taxa have long been considered the most "primitive" grasses, mostly because of the presence of bracts, indeterminate inflorescences, pseudospikelets (units of inflorescence or flower clusters and glumes or leaf-like structures in woody bamboos that is similar to spikelets or clumps of grass[16][17]), and flowers with three lodicules (tiny scale-like structure at the bottom of a florets or clump of grass flowers, found between lemma, the lowest part of spikelets, and sexual organs of the flower), six stamens, and three stigmas. Leaching is the removal of sap after harvest. In the case of the Philippine bamboos, there are a number of taxonomic problems. 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