Ferrous metals and their properties. The characteristics of ferrous metals can be altered by heat treatment or by adding an alloy. Cast Iron: Hard skin, softer underneath, but brittle, corrodes as it oxidizes; Mild steel: Hard, ductile, malleable, good tensile strength, low corrosion resistance. While non-ferrous metals can provide strength, they are primarily used where their differences from ferrous metals can provide an advantage. The chemical and mechanical properties need to be combined to produce a metal to serve a specific purpose. Metallurgy concerns the chemical, physical, and atomic properties and structures of metals and the principles whereby metals are combined to form alloys. Non-ferrous metals have been used since the beginning of civilization. The chemical composition and properties of the ferrous and non-ferrous metals. The basic ferrous metal form is pig iron. Properties of Ferrous Metals It is difficult to give general properties to ferrous metals because they can have various alloying elements that change their characteristics significantly. The more in-depth answer is that ferrous metals and non-ferrous metals each have their own distinctive properties. How many different metals can you think of? Metallurgy is a domain of materials science and materials engineering that studies the physical and chemical behavior of metallic elements and their alloys. High Carbon Steel: Even harder than medium carbon steel and more brittle, it can be heat treated to make it harder and more resistant. Properties of Ferrous Materials or Metals. Our finishing options are … Ferrous metals generally have higher tensile strength than non-ferrous metals. Ferrous Metals. For example, many ferrous metals are magnetic, but this does not apply to all ferrous metals. zinc). These include stainless steel, high carbon, high-speed steels and cast iron steels. Carbon makes it harder by holding iron molecules in the crystal structure of the carbon. Ferrous Metals (scroll down for non-ferrous metals) Non-ferrous metals don’t contain a significant amount of iron and are more desirable as they have conductive, non-magnetic, and low weight properties. copper), non-magnetic property or resistance to corrosion (e.g. Nonferrous metals are nonmagnetic. The word is derived from the Latin word ferrum ("iron"). The term ferrous, derived from Latin ferrum, is used in metallurgy to indicate the presence or absence of iron.Thus, the main difference between ferrous metals and nonferrous metals is their iron content; ferrous metals contain iron as a component whereas … Ferrous Metals • The ferrous group of metal include all types of Iron, Steel, and their alloys. Products include; cast iron garden furniture, house numbers, weathervanes and vices. Ferrous metals are known for their tensile strength and durability and their characteristics recognized by their use in tall buildings and long bridges. 7.3.1 Ferrous Metals. This collection of resources support the teaching of metals (including ferrous and non-ferrous), mechanical properties and metal production. For instance, many ferrous metals are magnetic; however, it is not true for all ferrous metals. These metals can be used to build/manufacture an equally large range of items. Some non-ferrous metals are hard and brittle, some soft and ductile. Metals in general have high electrical conductivity, high thermal conductivity, and high density. Ferrous metals, which are available in the solid waste streams of most communities, are primarily in the form of tin-coated steel cans and white goods. The ferrous materials include carbon steel, … All ferrous metals are magnetic and give little resistance to … Category: Design and technology. Ferrous Metals. 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