They discuss a range of ability differences, including physical, sensory, social, emotional, communication, and cognitive. Learn about and purchase the best books and resources to support young children's learning and development. When I’ve talked to other teachers about revising curriculum for bias, I often encounter one of two ways that people think about this: 1. Topics included same-sex parents, skin color and racial identity, class and power, abilities and challenges, and cultural backgrounds. Entry points include identifying, provoking, or uncovering themes children are thinking about or demonstrating in their play. They found that adopting an anti-bias perspective requires more than implementing a few well-meaning activities. 2011). The framework has been modified further and discussed in more detail in Leading Anti-Bias Early Childhood Programs: A Guide for Change (Derman-Sparks, LeeKeenan, & Nimmo 2015). For each potential entry point, it is important for educators to identify their feelings related to the anti-bias issue. It may be a topic in the media—such as an election, a demonstration, or a film—that draws attention to a particular issue. While teaching at the Eliot-Pearson Children’s School at Tufts University, this article’s authors explored what it means to embrace an anti-bias stance every day. Effective unconscious bias training activities ‘show’ rather than ‘tell’. She was also a long-time director/lecturer at the Eliot-Pearson Children’s School at Tufts University. Lisa’s Pre-K ClassThe preschoolers share their learning by inviting families or children’s caregivers who have come to school to mix paint to match their own skin colors. Check out these teacher-tested classroom and family-friendly activities for great activities and lessons that address bias and racism. Shift #2: Review my curriculum for evidence of white supremacy culture . Preschool teachers who use an anti-bias curriculum want all students to feel successful and empowered without being saddled with stereotypes or harmful comments. Enhance your career and improve your knowledge, skills, and practices with our in-person and online training. One child may Become a leader in your professional association. Discover the latest research and best practices, and engage with our diverse community of professionals! Revising for bias just means having diverse texts. The following structures were included: Working through the movements of the framework can bring up feelings of discomfort and move teachers to question which topics are introduced and how they are covered in their teaching practices. Children and teachers spend two meetings telling stories about times when these phrases were used to assert power over others. So what do schools and teachers need to do? On their gallery walk panel, Lisa presents information from research about race so families can see how it connects to the work in the classroom. To hold themselves accountable for anti-bias work, the program’s teachers developed a tool for keeping anti-bias issues alive in the curriculum (see “Framework for Anti-Bias Teaching,” p. 59). In each section, you can explore recommended practices, find helpful explanations and learn how each practice connects to anti-bias education. Derman-Sparks, L., & J.O. Develop grassroots efforts advancing early childhood in your community with these tools and resources. Tell the preschoolers that anyone wearing that article of clothing at each play area cannot play in that area or use that item. Protocols. www.schoolreforminitiative.org. It is important to note that throughout this exploration of anti-bias topics, the teachers at the Eliot-Pearson Children’s School had some key structures in place that were vital to their ability to sustain the hard work of reflective teaching, especially as related to potentially controversial topics. The anti-bias curriculum is an activist approach to educational curricula which attempts to challenge prejudices such as racism, sexism, ableism, ageism, weightism, homophobia, classism, colorism, heightism, handism, religious discrimination and other forms of kyriarchy.The approach is favoured by civil rights organisations such as the Anti-Defamation League. Margaret’s First- and Second-Grade ClassIn this mixed-age inclusive class, teachers hear children saying things like “That’s not fair! Anti-bias teaching requires critical thinking and problem solving by both children and adults.” The children ultimately include pages about their own abilities and challenges. Later, 4-year-old Tywanna tells her lunch tablemates, “I’m lucky because my mom is light and my dad is dark and I am in the middle—a mix!” Hearing this, Lisa and her teaching team realize that children are grappling with racial identity. She is an adjunct professor at Lesley University, in Cambridge, Massachusetts, and was an assistant professor at the University of New Hampshire, as well as a teacher, lecturer, and researcher at the Eliot-Pearson Children’s School and Department of Child Development at Tufts University. lisakuh@gmail.com, Debbie LeeKeenan, MEd, is an early childhood consultant and lecturer (www.antibiasleadersece.com) in Seattle, Washington. Research Guides: ECE 2110: Developing Anti-Bias Curriculum: Multicultural Books & Activities Heidi’s Kindergarten ClassDuring a planning session, the kindergarten teachers identify three phrases that are commonly used during the children’s negotiation of play: “But I got that first. Rather, messages about bias and anti-bias are everywhere, everyday. As a result, the teachers think about ways to broaden and clarify skin color vocabulary before starting any skin color paint mixing. For example, when children notice butterflies in the garden, teachers might notice and respond to children’s curiosity as an opportunity for extending curriculum, and then provide books and other materials about life cycles. Listing of additional educational resources related to anti-bias learning for K-12 educators, admininstrators, students and family members. Explore key early childhood topics such Developmentally Appropriate Practice, play, and math. How do our own class backgrounds affect perceptions of children, and how might our backgrounds equip us, or not, to support the children as they expand their understanding of these ideas?”. The teachers shared documentation and questions about this focus at monthly professional development meetings, getting and giving feedback on curriculum and teaching practices. I learned that part of our job as teachers is to aid children and families in areas they may be struggling with. Read about this initiative focused on equity in early childhood and find other equity-related content. For example, Heidi felt overwhelmed and dismayed at the play she observed, based on her own class background. Professional Development Topic. Identification of entry points is at the beginning of the road map for curriculum planning. Teachers experiment with different ways to dismiss children at choice times, so that no one “got there first.” Teachers’ efforts to change some classroom structures, in tandem with the plans made for sharing bikes, support teamwork and problem solving in play. Join us at the members-only event and build your advocacy skills, expand your networks, and advance federal and state early childhood policy. To effectively implement an anti-bias approach that culti-vates the four goals in children’s development, we need to cultivate them in our own development as well. Discover practical tips and innovative ideas for preschool teachers in our award-winning magazine. Bullying & Bias. To understand anti-bias education, it may be helpful to reflect on how children learn to see themselves and others in an anti-bias classroom or program. In doing so, the children move beyond the novelty of color mixing to focus on systematically producing a color close to their own skin. Stay up to date with research-based, teacher-focused articles on birth to age 8 in our award-winning, peer-reviewed journal. Anti-bias education happens in both planned curriculum and natural teachable moments based on children’s conversations and play. Celebrate young children and their families with hands-on activities encouraging movement and healthy lifestyles through music, food, and art.Â. Support access to high-quality early childhood education programs and opportunities and resources for educators. Anti-bias curriculum topics often come from the children, families, and teachers, as well as from historical or current events. Teacher-initiated activities are a second source of anti-bias activities, based on what classroom teachers and families think is important for children to learn. Preschool teachers who use an anti-bias curriculum want all students to feel successful and empowered without being saddled with stereotypes or harmful comments. This is a private ramp,” and “You can go up any ramp, if you have a lot of money. At the end of the day, have a discussion about how these changes made them feel. Explore accreditation of early childhood higher education programs, discover the accreditation system standards, and view a list of accredited programs. Heidi’s Kindergarten ClassWhen Heidi hears kindergartners say, “This is my ramp. One child writes, “I am great at math problems. ‘A-ha’ Activities for Bias Awareness. Teachers may not necessarily know who to talk to about their feelings, and often this is where they get stuck. An anti-bias curriculum aims to give all preschoolers a sense of belonging while nurturing respect for diversity. Ability differences and similarities are part of a conversation that starts on the very first day of school. Documentation is crucial in inspiring teachers’ thinking. Format: Group Presentation Age: 2.5 – 6 years old Materials Needed: Various types of flower to make a bouquet, vase or ribbon to tie Aim: To introduce children to differences and similarities of various flowers.To identify the beauty in each flower’s uniqueness and the beauty of the flowers coming together in a bouquet. A local university student tells the children about her own reading challenges and shares a strategy she uses for tracking words on a page. Anti-bias and anti-racism education is vital to the survival of our world. Ask them to describe it. Teach your preschoolers about discrimination by printing pictures of tie sneakers, a white shirt, red shirt, shorts and blue jeans. It’s Social Justice Standards show how anti-bias education works through the four domains of identity, diversity, justice and action. Join your professional membership association, explore local Affiliates, and access unbeatable member benefits. Contact us with your questions-- we're here to help! Children’s comments reveal confusion about what White and Black really mean in relation to skin color. Engage with our policy agendas, advocacy resources, and current initiatives. One year, as a curriculum strategy, each classroom focused on a particular issue related to its group of children. 2015. Leading Anti-Bias Early Childhood Programs: A Guide for Change. It helps children learn to be proud of themselves and their families, respect a range of human differences, recognize unfairness and bias, and speak up for the rights of others (Derman-Sparks & Edwards 2010). This doesn't mean that everything related to every issue of bias is displayed everyday. Revising for bias … It takes place with the understanding that anti-bias issues raised are not problems to be eliminated, but rather opportunities for teaching and learning. In addition to recognizing entry points educators should understand that their responses to children’s queries don’t have to be instantaneous. 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