A cow's pregnancy lasts 11 months and produces only one baby, called a pup. Elephant seals have made a number of adaptations in order to dive so deep and stay down so long. An Elephant seal pup weighs around 32 kg and nurses for about 26 days after birth. The two species of elephant seals are southern elephant (Mirounga leonina) and northern elephant (Mirounga angustirostris) seals. Enormous & Big Mammals! There are a number of rookeries on the Pacific coast of North America, stretching from Baja California in the south to Race Rocks on Vancouver Island, Canada in the north. People frequently think the seals on the beach are dead because they aren’t moving or breathing. The seals are carnivorous. Friends of the Elephant Seal is a cooperating association with California State Parks. Also known as sea elephants, elephant seals (genus Mirounga) are large aquatic mammals residing in sub-Antarctic regions. Dogs and seals do not mix. By the end of lactation, the fat content reaches 65% and has the consistency of mayonnaise. Elephant facts. They were close to extinction because they were hunted for their oil. Elephant seals may be rust, light or dark brown, or gray. Elephant seals can dive up to 4,900 feet deep and Elephant seals don't mind the cold water because their bodies are covered in thick skin and full of blubber. Drones are not permitted in the rookery area. Weaners practice at night to learn to swim and dive in preparation for the dark of the ocean depths in which they will feed. The Elephant Seal Viewing area is located in San Simeon, California, 4.5 miles north of the Hearst Castle entrance on Hwy 1. Northern elephant seal facts! Friends of the Elephant Seal is a cooperating association with California State Parks. The large males, those with the big noses that give elephant seals their names, are only on the beach in July-August to molt and in December-March for the birthing and mating seasons. 2) The gestation period for a female Elephant seal is 9 months. The adult males are an exception – they are here one month in the summer and around three months in winter. The primary predators of southern elephant seal are killer whales, leopard seal, and great white shark. They become physically mature and stop growing in length at age 6. Elephant seals are shielded from cold by their blubber, much more than by … Pups need to grow from 60 to 80 pounds at birth up to around 300 pounds in just one month. An infant seal is called a pup. Their bodies are designed to keep warm in cold water. The pressure actually deflates their lungs completely. Southern elephants are the largest of all seals. Southern elephant seals breed on land but spend their winters in the frigid Antarctic waters near the Antarctic pack ice. The Friends of the Elephant Seal does not share your personal information with outside advertisers or other organizations. Your charitable contribution supports our programs. Females and juveniles of both sexes spend 10 months at sea. Some males never are able to win sufficient fights to get land and a harem. Fun Facts. There is no record of any northern elephant seal having more than one pup. Here is a link to our locations. In the open ocean, where females spend almost all their time, there is evidence that they feed on small bio-luminescent creatures such as squid and lanternfish. The Friends of the Elephant Seal does not share your personal information with outside advertisers or other organizations. See more ideas about elephant seal, elephant, sea lion. As the elephant seals rebounded from near-extinction, they first re-established colonies on the islands off the shore of Baja California and California. Female elephant seals are smaller than males, growing to about nine feet long and 1,300 pounds. Fact 36: Elephant seals have what is called “smoker’s blood”. Northern elephant seal facts! In order to dive so deep and stay down in the cold ocean so long, the elephant seals have had to make a number of adaptations. That’s five times heavier than a grizzly bear! The dunes and other bluff areas outside the fences or ropes are home to protected native plants and animals. Elephant Seal Facts for Kids Facebook Twitter ReddIt Pinterest WhatsApp Elephant seals belong to the group of true seals. Elephantidae is the only surviving family of the order Proboscidea; … Most mammals shed hair year-round, but the elephant seal does it all at once. Females in deep water are most likely to eat lanternfish, hake and ragfish and squid to a lesser extent. Much more agile in their ocean environment, an elephant seal moves on land with considerable effort, by using its front flippers and belly. They spend only brief amounts of time at the surface to rest between dives (2–3 minutes). One studyeven recorded a female elephant seal diving to 5,700 feet on multiple occasions. Three species are currently recognised: the African bush elephant, the African forest elephant, and the Asian elephant. The Privacy policy on this site provides further information. Most mammals shed hair year-round, but the elephant seal does it all at once. It starts to grow when they enter puberty at about age five and, by the time they are nine, their nose is over 2 feet long. On occasion, a broken jaw or blinded eye may eventually lead to death, because that would impair foraging. Fact 16: Generally, seals can hold their breath underwater for 3 minutes, but some species can stay submerged for up to 30 minutes. Females are smaller and weigh around 7 – 800 kg. Facts The southern elephant seal (Mirounga leonina) is the largest species of seal in the world. Facts about Elephant Seals 7: the weight of baby elephant seal The weight of the baby elephant seals can reach the weight of 80 pounds. An adult female seal is called a cow . Elephant seals eat other aquatic creatures such as eels, rays, fish, crustaceans, squid, penguins, and other creatures. Please observe these guidelines – they are for the comfort and safety of you and the seals! There is a thick blubber layer beneath the skin to insulate the animals in cold water. Eight individuals were sighted on the island and scientists killed Eight individuals were sighted on the island and scientists killed seven. Elephants Facts for Kids. The northern elephant seal is found in California while the southern elephant seal lives in sub-Antarctic waters and are the species you may see on our many trips around the region. They rely on their stored fat to meet their water and energy needs, so their bodies are programmed to rest as much as possible while on land. The species’ diet consists of deep-dwelling animals such as rays, skates, octopus, large fish, and squid, hence the deep diving! Elephant seals like large sandy beaches that do not have a significant human presence. The northern elephant seal is the second largest seal in the world, after the southern elephant seal. Also known as sea elephants, elephant seals (genus Mirounga) are large aquatic mammals residing in sub-Antarctic regions. The seal mainly feeds on fish and squid. However, overcrowding or failure to successfully wean a pup can prompt them to move to another rookery. Be among the first to receive updates, photos, events and more about the Piedras Blancas northern elephant seal colony. Males can weigh a whopping 3000kg and span over six metres long. Interesting Elephant seal Facts: Elephant seal can reach 10 to 20 feet in length and 2000 to 8800 pounds of weight. • Male elephant seals are called bulls. The elephant seal has a number of interesting and distinguishing characteristics. They get their name … The northern elephant seal (Mirounga angustirostris)! Females are a lot smaller and can weigh The skin has to be regrown by blood vessels reaching through the blubber. Their lungs have cartilage ribbing in them, which allow them to spring back and inflate upon coming to the surface. Do not feed the squirrels. Less is known about feeding opportunities along the continental shelf where the other seals hunt for food. Therefore the Elephant seal is one of the largest members of the order Carnivora. Elephant seals take their name from the large proboscis of the adult male (bull), which resembles an elephant’s trunk. Mothers spend about one month with their pup. The females are much smaller at about 9 to 12 feet (2.5 to 4 m) in length and weigh 900 to 1,800 pounds (400 to 800 kg). Males and females hunt differently. The largest known bull elephant seal was 6.7 metres in length and weighed 3400 kilograms (about four tons). The seal has a large body, short front flippers with nails, and webbed hind flippers. Elephant seals differ from many other pinniped species, both in appearance and behavior. In 2000, in Gisborne, New Zealand, there was an elephant seal that attacked anything that was too close or on his area, like cars, boat trailers, trees, and trash bins. They can hold their breath for more than 100 minutes – longer than any other non-cetacean mammal. (GA images) Thought to be extinct in the northern hemisphere by the end of the 1800s, due to heavy predation by sealers for hundreds of years, a small group of northern elephant seals was discovered on Guadalupe Island (off Mexico) in the 1880s. Keep dogs on a leash and well away from the seals. They spend most of their lives at sea foraging off the coast of Alaska in the Aleutian Islands. Their stomachs also often contain gastroliths. Jul 9, 2014 - Explore Hanna Shirley's board "Elephant seal" on Pinterest. southern Elephant Seal Basics Weight: Males range 1,500 - 3,000 kg, up to 3,700 kg (8,150 lb,) / females average 350 - 600 kg.up to 800 kg (1,800 lb.) Their hair and outer layers of skin molt in large patches. Elephant seal can be grey, light or dark brown or tan-colored, depending on the age, gender and season. Both males and females have navel indentations about 2/3 of the way down their bodies. Fights can last from a few minutes to half an hour or more, depending on how evenly matched the bulls are. Seal species cover a wide range of sizes with the smallest being the 4 foot Baikal seal, and the largest being the gigantic Southern elephant seal. 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