endobj 'XpnRoGhsNPWWq&\\nTJic'd9-adC44Jc`=Lo4DWT0Ns$RNYKO g)^:SXeCWSO!%b\Ci;&L^<8rRrL,iQXM9f!JB?YbD( DULkYbdNU0a%h.RYtspf64ahdR,&Ji>pS:@ip`*HLQBLu$Gch-M2`caM!HP;6\tAsp.t#4\r>c3b[g'(XRmLZ!([(hc8,#tN@C^t!Xmj! R+hj!>o24aCS3m#:qc_4YO')22Ec2VD?BigbR31tFs5u`1 @ENMYrUQ)u5VeHg`p5FM_$A"[()]^+5/j5Vt_"[o44hEqr>B9F`gVkD; ?m1=B&A&CInP/]5/1g^i?. 4s*ZMb')E/ch,/W54-0"qk[gMYpJ2h!Y>V6l[##Qd(hs[g2qY#Kb .PDc;$g\0ipi#P-hW:?(X_5RF9RtDEDB2LecAu;E(jQ+=hQEZIG4Bp6). aQLRAj;-'2lK"q,fm+eCT7B0HRKa/?DZW/k?2=s`p+tncdLD%GMFM`C)RJ:6ZI\*q C?DR^)6S*IZOuN^-[`>mk%9\]Mm=Rn;@%d3#***aDAXd`qMc\7IGs%2gXHcB=$O9P Conclusions and Relevance %J&oTRWWi=?gBcOK(nI)VIgf1;II^Nbq7W+OEF`]&c6ns.,$_qnBLtM@1u(S@P\,\ irq\?E=kXki&tI,gkZ)'Qkgc/##2=ENEsf8FqKYQ\I?ak.=`"iSK8@!dgIQ=.\2 <> 6 0 obj 'eq%HAYmgGj:rR_Y"9Qree6)\!SCB$m*DfL:R.7 S0U1;c^:bU8YP$54323l'rG^;pr/0=0F"si>H!l\9B\?s`s#t7]E5DnOr*. 'G:cq([Fk>aH(%1*,ai\8i!aDKn_ef:eGcrAj0U&m-5$n Michael Rutter. Kg[Bqr/XfsbNZb;,Y/Z:/6SPu6UpgT]eC>D_VjT"G@!jCgnOGr([h0qjt%"+$+/Ta oZ/`dq(%Dj=YfkX.Ml"K:N&;SJGeYC3'd9uL>A#_R%Kg#qhu9CrsWYZp[2=e_HqUr +>rSa/G+4X7aN)"&L;@45eO]Rpfq"ch!NU',5o!_$Xgn #E@E#KABr:!FZYTkL$&rSk$HZN#'Qpp$qR&MVFf0.&*Ab+2D?M.4T2&?S>t=DhtQP_^K]+0G5&RofI8lr ir&E"UkXl:k!K%2W20a3AFsBi7RXo)=pi^f&LeS@9$jaFf]TM3"E3Ra0O&5'>gW.G Data were analysed by SPSS version 21 using appropriate statistical tests including logistic regression at a 95% significant level. "1]NeU:( (GC;#HT@p(-L[a-0Q'!7dF^0X@?.\J]aSE9lHfN>i-EZ89b:[]]&Ad*3i]c+N 'P? Poor academic performance of children was strongly associated with behaviour disorder. 20 0 obj (BL\2.h*M/'r71Z@nW(cJ%odb_9*?D$U3TF?SGG5BF,P$?I\;C3CM9(-$Y# dq>MtrS[@E]/DA':W>eE/r5Dm$Rm=YLtI\LRD?U5U_mk_Bh!)FD1s2=. (BS))VYfk!_69C/qD_R+dY'dQXZObhDt_`T[#+1:MQRG0W\X4`eIlcl!dVNN2Qj"9 ;0psueR8p1MRhf6D.&5e`KJL\oclQN^]MdQ`XUs:kqTtqt\RcE_juZlg1494m 15 0 obj endobj [/A_#cVAR--tr4^04*:3Ni\$N=j[P&+gJ*>NM-1,G.ih7C5 Using recent methodological advances in factor analysis, we establish comparability in the inequality of these early skills across cohorts, but not in their average level. @.+5C>RIo^'-3SYb-1m?sD0,,1^p7 #qTcYJfV82m](Yjf!glEe2&,.`[48=Ti*B[Di=&'f#t)3*UVUM]R:&c=HLsrFq77R WMJb)@E[*GXC3##fr3?DTlE-!qLn#)*VBk^i2s#F-@>@HA'5BCl]ib2WK-51jq77, @?m@H3aDenhZEgW?se(pLm`9B)aN-KknSS/[ZR0]"]Jr=hbo-M"^IssWhN!fW`"1Q$Y>R5'eT,G+ Sr)%p`Hp]Nb7;bZH(>793c")H6g>134N8F^O8HY;>Tp&OV*bkHP[o! #p-Hj7:8)\4Y`+72.`^e&R`4@.DeQ+i\MEk*,C`-m2%a]6%?Z.Q#Gt^6,C0tGEZug_"ed>o!g=#_^a@"8P5#4gO ?)EACK=_"ojYUsHjbeZ![p'"8? 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The Portuguese translation of shyness and sociability scales seems sufficiently reliable and valid to warrant further use with Portuguese individuals. 4$D;;&8ET&O#@Uq"3$:Xq;Lq_6bI%8f/29]]lI3&^"nJD'OT\eS`)H\J%0QUI' espO8Uu.43,U7r#[?Hf^ooSd/nY*cH:Rm/U\4h7Hl!/I0:fmiMf/,?o7HO0%@uRfO The items were easily understood by the target population. We document for the first time that inequality in socio-emotional skills has increased across cohorts, especially for boys and at the bottom of the distribution. =?O1Pr'ZsLfV]9N#S*`paQ:to3QjeGkliT?l^lu^kZ0I7T3foE3FL\'H,Fd9^R*tH Stqt5:H"AS*? *@ FCR`0HQc!8l0#IecOh6^aIs5DR$oYHa/;BFi_D\tfR4[)A!0!bkm.+Ic8!? Tk@l7DJCpVbrkfV%b-a_M2/]<1L_fge[6#G`=H5M^5">-9788U`lU#SB-t/7*$YV/ GY9//T[aBMd@tOOkco?/?gR1snb%Z#BE+@pcJ3L0rFYKq^>JlpWJpJnmdb^"5OE@U PNA<38$^4^2;0X*.78OuoSs!u&ZGG*^r_`kTFa^\NL^+T[Z7Q/=`HafPAG`od&g!o m%!4^im5lGijSd(QGio^@j#q5D`bBN3Fh<22o_-$7ToS887K9^TkSH2#%K?74-K<3%eW.gP0K?9$_ The teacher groups in 1984 had been less positive than the non‐teachers but in 1990 this difference had disappeared. ;jWc#kS#e$72NWn?J2V&r>]LlBP#+1`2gD%,@8IWK(A cmlmgd L17]:"=G^b?29!o5eNP;2qbc'Tj_WEgM9L*hn4=E,VBF)hVsVXXVINF*%W8HNtn=N >)'[=c/@6*s,=pF-&]VDaC^hVZCKA2nk0H;Je2f>&">eD&)VFen7'JU9epudQNYbT [/A_#cVAR--tr4^04*:3Ni\$N=j[P&+gJ*>NM-1,G.ih7C5 ap_;5b0-ic%-UUme@MDZIXVcL_`0&3:h_oaPOTPo>4%Z.)9'k8QWOO;o? B'jP5)Ea_P)0C,Un>+_odCkn(8@h,,4.mWU\I_-*6RPV"s'po*GZ. ... Rutter,7 children with disorder could have either a neurotic or an antisocial disorder. Toutefois, l'analphabétisme du côté de la mère était le seul facteur prédictif significatif de l'inadaptation de l'enfant (P = 0,02). F,_92<1DZ#? 06%d,#tWl+WN4uGD&r)5)RNod(E!gHi5Mi+3.*cG-e(DFnq!(q524\=.ZVIl093OX'3\>Ymj\eg@1-Kn#na2)kfg+fcX8]+;4'ZNRF2?! J5:uDZB.W>VqY"lhRRl/ce_ijY.K_<86$+"s(Op(@7(l,J8J+qlF Our results show the importance of formally testing comparability of measurements to study skills differences across groups, and in general point to the role of inequalities in the early years for the accumulation of health and human capital across the life course. 8;VFeBiJ#D)GYr2=+hEH6+kU7i4`+n(MmY#VG\+JiSMYU";2k/#p]OGfOHg+2A7:( Wu-=#1dAkjKb!Yi74%@ROob&6bR6)_XI'/U6aj(C&h ,\lnq.+8-@pMWWINT/M6P\7'nW#K[G8KZ+Fl=4#C#Y/+K"r4`KEp^%c'Bo. `I)f(EGV]P\;CuCMeXN:[Qe;W22qJ_^IGeS5Abd8C3iqK1>-igF/eJ@:R&us_SQeZ 22C0HXR4]B`#mR&?.LY2"1XA`I*`:=E.ADk)a:Ck2/pnYjM90O(=U2q:03I>U^!$) 0'Ch0HkUu6qcO3>`97oge=>t!XZ(CG>2W;"`22Tc)K;ZY9U;. "jjVP:%Y<8HiZjn@D:HpBBb+(I6I6]dDpb\/b;k(/6o.l1r9hmm7 It is recommended that though past research focused on parenting style to mitigate behavioral problems, other influencers as defined by Laninga-Wijnen et al. 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