The aftershocks would continue for months. The largest recorded earthquake to have hit New Zealand rocked Wellington and the Wairarapa at 9:11pm, on 23 January 1855. Blocks of the city’s central business district now occupy land that was below sea level before 1855. On January 23 rd 1855, an 8.2 magnitude earthquake st ruck Wairarapa in New Zealand’s North Island. The jetties have been built further out to sea so that ships could be unloaded. This earthquake was situated along the Wairarapa Fault and because of this it caused more faulting and uplift in the area situated around Wellington. 36 relations. Read more. The 9:32pm, 23 January 1855 M 8.2 Wairarapa earthquake generated New Zealand’s largest historical locally-generated tsunami. All non-text content is subject to specific conditions. While memories of the 1848 and 1855 earthquakes were fresh, most of the new buildings in Wellington were constructed of wood. Next, because Wellington’s harbour was raised more on the eastern than on the western side, the harbour waters moved toward the lower side, flooding Lambton Quay. A magnitude 8.2 earthquake struck on the Wairarapa fault at only 30km deep, causing widespread damage. Numerous landslides scarred the slopes of the Rimutaka Range. Brick houses destroyed in the 1848 quake had been replaced by timber houses, but there were still some brick buildings which suffered damage in 1855. This earthquake was the second major earthquake that Wellington settlers had experienced. The tsunami caused by the 1855 earthquake had several sources. The January–February 1855 earthquakes occurred on the Wairarapa, Wharekauhau, Nicholson Bank, Vernon, Awatere and Needles faults. The 8.2 magnitude quake was centred 25 kilometres from the city - it was felt as far away as Canterbury in the South Island. Some new commercial premises, however, were constructed of brick because of fire risk. The 1929 Arthur’s Pass and Murchison earthquakes, The 2010 Canterbury (Darfield) earthquake, Personal stories of the 2010–11 Canterbury earthquakes, Personal stories of earthquakes since 1942, Next: Page 4. The 1855 Wairarapa earthquake occurred on the Wairarapa Fault to the north and east of Wellington. Previous Section | Table of Contents | Up | Next Section. iv The 1855 Wairarapa Earthquake Symposium Friday 9 September (Soundings Theatre, Level 2) Topic Speaker Organisation Start Duration Impact on humans and the built environment Humans The 1855 earthquake: societal impact and response in Wellington Hamish Campbell GNS 0840 20 Individuals' response to natural hazard events John McClure Victoria This view of Wellington, drawn about 1852, shows the town as it developed after the 1848 earthquake. Ten days later a 7.3 aftershock caused further damage. The 1855 earthquake damaged many of these, including the jail and the bank. Das Wairarapa-Erdbeben von 1855 war für Wellington in Neuseeland das bisher folgenschwerste Erdbeben und wird auf Grund der Nähe des Epizentrums und der Auswirkungen des Bebens auf die Stadt häufig auch als Wellington-Erdbeben bezeichnet. The jetties have been built further out to sea so that ships could be unloaded. The “Basin Reserve” sports ground in central Wellington is a well-known and unavoidable landmark, as a convergence point for four major roads which circle around its perimeter, as well as for fans of “the gentile … At 9:11pm, on 23 January 1855, the southern part of the North Island was struck by a magnitude 8.2 earthquake, the most powerful ever recorded in New Zealand. Painting of landslip caused by 1855 earthquake near Wellington (Alexander Turnbull Library, B-103-016) The magnitude 8.2 earthquake had a profound impact on the development of Wellington city. After the 1848 Marlborough earthquake, many Wellington buildings had been rebuilt in wood. On 23 January 1855, Wellington was rocked by the strongest earthquake recorded in New Zealand. The date, location, magnitude and major consequences are outlined. The earthquake measured 8.2 on the Richter scale and was centred in the south-west Wairarapa along the Wairarapa Fault, about 25 kilometres from Wellington. It was the end of a holiday weekend celebrating this milestone and most people were at home relaxing. The evening of 23 January 1855 was the end of a two-day holiday, the 15th anniversary of Wellington’s founding. One was a two-storey hotel which collapsed, killing the owner. The earthquake caused widespread damage in Wellington. Painting of landslip caused by 1855 earthquake near Wellington (Alexander Turnbull Library, B-103-016) The magnitude 8.2 earthquake had a profound impact on the development of Wellington city. Commerce lost but sports gained when a low-lying area known as the Basin Reserve, originally proposed as a shipping basin, instead became Wellington’s cricket grounds. Popular AMA APA (6th edition) APA (7th edition) Chicago (17th edition, author-date) Harvard IEEE ISO 690 MHRA (3rd edition) MLA (8th edition) OSCOLA Turabian (9th edition) Vancouver. The earthquake also drained notoriously swampy areas in the Hutt Valley and … All text licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 3.0 New Zealand Licence unless otherwise stated. About 5,000 square kilometres of land west of the fault was lifted up and tilted. The 1855 Wairarapa earthquake occurred on 23 January at about 9 p.m., affecting much of the Cook Strait area of New Zealand, including Marlborough in the South Island and Wellington and Wairarapa in the North Island. 1855 Wellington Earthquake - History bibliographies - in Harvard style . In 1855 Wellington had only been settled for 15 years and was a relatively young, but busy, town. The Government Offices, which housed the Wellington Provincial Government, were completely demolished. New Zealand's Earthquake Commission and Geological Survey (GeoNet) reported a magnitude 4.2 quake in New Zealand near Upper Hutt, Upper Hutt City, Wellington, only 5 minutes ago. In 1855 a magnitude 8.2 earthquake – the most powerful ever recorded in New Zealand – rocked the southern part of the North Island. At the time, Wellington was being recommended as the site for the capital, and despite this disaster, it continued to be preferred because of its harbour and geographically central location. In the Wairarapa, several Māori (their reported number varies from two to six), were killed when a whare collapsed. This brief chronology lists selected earthquakes in New Zealand since the most powerful recorded earthquake here in 1855. BiblioWeb: app05 Version 3.26.0 Last updated 2021/01/20 06:54, After the Paint n’ Pen art exhibition, local…, #PopUpPenguins are in Christchurch! Change style powered by CSL. The earthquakes in this timeline have all caused structural damage, and often fatalities. • D. W. Rodgers, T. A. In Wellington, close to the epicenter, shaking lasted for at least 50 seconds. People fled outdoors, where they remained for the night in tents and makeshift beds, as incessant aftershocks rocked the area – one person counted 250 in the first 11 hours. Cite This For Me. The evening of 23 January 1855 was the end of a two-day holiday, the 15th anniversary of Wellington’s founding. The only impediment was the insistent earth tremors. … This was the only death in Wellington from the earthquake. Wellington, Central North Island earthquake: 5.8 magnitude quake near Levin shakes North Island. Wairarapa earthquake, 1855. The earthquake caused a tsunami in Cook Strait and Wellington Harbour; some buildings on Lambton Quay near the shoreline were flooded by tsunami waves. This earthquake was the second major earthquake that Wellington settlers had experienced. On this day in 1855, New Zealand experienced it's largest earthquake ever recorded. Commercial re-use may be allowed on request. For the first day after the main quake, as far away as New Plymouth an almost continuous vibration could be felt by people sitting, or when leaning against walls. Figure 1. The 1855 earthquake was initiated on the interface between the Pacific and Australian Plates at a depth of 25 km below Cook Strait close to Wel­lington when one of these fault lines ruptured, releas­ing a thousand times more energy than the Hiroshima atomic bomb—energy that travelled outwards and up­wards at speeds reaching six kilometres per second. 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