The 10 Heavenly Stems and 12 Earthly Branches were used to mark days. The Three Fu (三伏; sānfú) are three periods of hot weather, counted from the first gēng day after the summer solstice. Since the intercalary month is determined by the first month without a mid-climate and the mid-climate time varies by time zone, countries which adopted the calendar but calculate with their own time could vary from the time in China. According to oracle bone records, the Shang dynasty calendar (c. 1600 – c. 1046 BC) was a balanced calendar with 12 to 14 months in a year; the month after the winter solstice was Zhēngyuè.[4]. continues to announce the month and date in both the Gregorian and the traditional lunisolar calendar. Alternatively, Chinese New Year will fall on the new moon that is closest to lì chūn, or the solar term that begins spring (typically falls on 4 February). The evening state-run news program Xinwen Lianbo in the P.R.C. All the calendars are printable and are free to download. These solar terms mark both Western and Chinese seasons as well as equinoxes, solstices, and other Chinese events. Chinese Zodiac, Lunar Date, 24 Solar Terms, Chinese Holidays. The date of the Chinese New Year accords with the patterns of the solar calendar and hence is variable from year to year. Since the beginning of the month is determined by the new moon occurs, other countries using this calendar use their own time standards to calculate it; this results in deviations. [14] The Shujiu cold days (數九; shǔjǐu; 'counting to nine') are the 81 days after the winter solstice (divided into nine sets of nine days), and are considered the coldest days of the year. There is no specified length of any particular Chinese month, so the first month could have 29 days (short month, 小月) in some years and 30 days (long month, 大月) in other years. And within this cycle, certain days will equate with the lunar day. Southern mansions are 井, 鬼, 柳, 星, 张, 翼, 轸. Therefore, it does require painstaking calculation for one to arrive at the Four Pillars of Destiny of a particular given date, which rarely outpace the convenience of simply consulting the Huangli by looking up its Gregorian date. Another version is a four-quarters calendar (四時八節曆; 四时八节历; 'four sections, eight seasons calendar', or 四分曆; 四分历). Feiertage China – 2021. Chinese Calendar of October 2020 According to Chinese calendar, from January 25, 2020 to February 11, 2021 is Year of the Rat. Years with 12 months are called common years, and 13-month years are known as long years. Years began on a jiǎzǐ (甲子) day (and a 72-day wood phase), followed by a bǐngzǐ day (丙子) and a 72-day fire phase; a wùzǐ (戊子) day and a 72-day earth phase; a gēngzǐ (庚子) day and a 72-day metal phase, and a rénzǐ day (壬子) followed by a water phase. Was für ein Sternzeichen sind Sie im chinesischen Horoskop? Each nine-day unit is known by its order in the set, followed by "nine" (九).[15]. Printable Calendar (PDF) – Calendars especially made for printing; Related Links. Moon Phase Calendar – Calculate moon phases for any year. 1 January was 14 Shíyīyuè 4609 Huángdì year, assuming a year 1 of 2698 BC. All other months are named for their number in the month order. In his Sinicae historiae decas prima (published in Munich in 1658), Martino Martini (1614–1661) dated the ascension of the Yellow Emperor to 2697 BC and began the Chinese calendar with the reign of Fuxi (which, according to Martini, began in 2952 BC. Before the Zhou dynasty, solar calendars were used. "[This quote needs a citation] The present traditional calendar follows the Shíxiàn calendar, except: To optimize the Chinese calendar, astronomers have proposed a number of changes. It is celebrated in Vietnam as Tết Thanh Minh(節清明). 2021 Chinese Zodiac Prediction. Using these two annual events, a Chinese calendar year was divided into 24 equal parts, each forming a solar term. Friday Jan 08, 2021. The Three Enclosures are Purple Forbidden, (紫微), Supreme Palace (太微), and Heavenly Market. The most popular is the Gregorian calendar (公曆; 公历; gōnglì; 'common calendar'). [17], The plum-rains season (梅雨), the rainy season in late spring and early summer, begins on the first bǐng day after Mangzhong (芒种) and ends on the first wèi day after Xiaoshu (小暑). Each time the moon moves into a line with the earth and the sun, a new month begins and this is called 'Chu Yi' or 'Shuo Ri', meaning the first day of a lunar month. The lunar calendar has links with the four seasons, some traditional Chinese festivals, solar terms (a calendar of twenty-four periods and climate to govern agricultural arrangements in China), 'Five Elements' (metal, wood, water, fire and earth) as well as the Chinese Zodiac. One version of the solar calendar is the five-elements calendar (五行曆; 五行历), which derives from the Wu Xing. At birth, a child is considered the first year of lifetime using ordinal numeral (instead of "zero" using cardinal numeral); after each Chinese New Year, one year is added to their traditional age. Das Datum des chinesischen Neujahrsfestes richtet sich nach dem chinesischen Kalender (Mondkalender). This page contains a national calendar of all 2020 public holidays. In this calendar, the solar terms are 15° each along the ecliptic and it can be used as a solar calendar. There are also many other traditional Chinese festivals and holidays. [This quote needs a citation]. The province of Jiangsu counted 1905 as the year 4396 (using a year 0 of 2491 BC), and the newspaper Ming Pao (明報; 明报) reckoned 1905 as 4603 (using a year 0 of 2698 BC). When every lunar new year comes, the heavenly stems and earthly branches turn to next one and combine a new name. A 365-day year was divided into five phases of 73 days, with each phase corresponding to a Day 1 Wu Xing element. All traditional Chinese festivals are decided according to the lunar calendar. The next intercalary month (in 2020, after month four) will be called Rùn Sìyuè (閏四月) and written 4i or 4+. A sexagenary cycle, consisting of stems (干) and branches (支), is used as identification alongside each year, month, including intercalary months or leap months as needed. [9], Although the Chinese calendar lost its place as the country's official calendar at the beginning of the 20th century,[10] its use has continued. The stem-branches is a sexagesimal system. The Chinese gender chart is based on factors including the Chinese lunar calendar, five elements, yin and yang, the eight diagrams, etc. [17] The solar terms qīng míng (清明) on 5 April and dōng zhì (冬至) on 22 December are both celebrated events in China.[17]. Calculates number of days however, there are generally 11 or 12 complete months are considered the 11th month in. 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