Rice plantation in Thailand. Crop Production Definition “Crop production is the branch of agriculture that deals with the production of crops for food and fiber.” What Is Crop Production? The current rate of annual yield improvement for major crops ranges between 0.8 and 1.2%, which must be doubled in order to meet the highly increased future demand for plant-based products [ 3 ]. Demand for food and fuel is steadily increasing, while gains in the yield of many major food crops through traditional breeding and natural variation have leveled. (Meaning in Hindi) on HinKhoj Dictionary Translation community with proper rating and comments from expert, Ask translation or meaning help from millions of translation users of HinKhoj dictionary. However, further increases in crop production will be more problematic than has been the case for the last 50 yea… More sunlight for the plant means more carbohydrate production, providing the plant additional resources to put towards growth, and ultimately, yield. Pesticides are used worldwide and increase crop yield on average by 30% as well as improving crop quality. It is the financial condition that allows farmers to grow a particular crop. Print. Crop yields are an essential aspect of every farmer’s day, impacting how profitable their farmland can be. Ways # 2. Make use of good crop rotation strategies. State the different ways in which new technology dramatically increased wheat production in the USA, State the different ways in which new technology dramatically increased wheat production. While sunlight is a “no-cost” input, it’s availability is limited throughout the growing season. During photosynthesis, plants use energy from sunlight to convert CO2and water into oxygen and glucose, a sugar molecule. Both technologies depend on the frequent application of small amounts of water as directly as possible to the roots of crops. For timely reproduction, the crops need more nutrients as well as minerals. You can increase your company’s production capacity by using your existing equipment more effectively. Log in. Last Update Time: 2020-12-22 10:56:52 . In earlier studies it was suggested that inner crop walls are impermeable to water . Now that summer is officially here; it’s time to look at the impact sunlight could make on your crops. First, does a “higher concentration of carbon dioxide in our atmosphere … aid photosynthesis, which in turn contributes to increased plant growth,” as Smith said? Extensive flood control measures should be adopted to prevent the devastation caused by floods. Due to unfavorable environmental conditions, the soils lose their nutrients, which reduce the capacity of the crops. Crop production depends on the availability of arable land and is affected in particular by yields, macroeconomic uncertainty, as well as consumption patterns; it also has a great incidence on agricultural commodities' prices. Log in. If it is assumed that dietary trends in China continue and that the Chinese population will stabilize at around 1.6 billion after another 20 years, the demand for grain can only be met and the population fed on the remaining arable land if annual crop production can be increased to around 580 Mt. There are a number of components that have been introduced in agriculture in recent years. If there isn’t much sun shining through, and the crop is advancing in early reproductive growth (ear and pod development), you’re headed in the right direction. Since the Green Revolution, steady increases in crop productivity have occurred; however, there is concern that yield improvement is beginning to plateau. However, seeding above the optimal range doesn’t result in increased canopy closure and isn’t agronomically or economically justified. Learning how to improve crop yields is key to successful farming, and access to new technologies and planting methods has given farmers an opportunity increase crop production – the key to maintaining the long term sustainability of their farm. The FAO believes there is potential to increase crop yields, with technology playing a major role in helping to boost production efficiency. Many of those plant growth factors apply to crop growth for commercial and industrial agriculture. You should always ensure that sufficient weeding is done. The crop can then reach flowering and reproductive growth when sunlight is most abundant. This method is … Information technology can support better crop, fertilizer and pesticide selection. Introduction. Basic math tells us that to double the food supply by 2050 from increased crop production alone, yields will need to increase each year by roughly 2.4 percent of 2007 yields. Plants utilize sunlight to build carbohydrates, which then produce the parts of the plant, including leaves, roots, and grain. The per caput demand for pulses in the developing countries is rather stable and even shows a slow decrease. Cover crop farming is another method of farming that is used by a number of farmers. The increase rate of the total cereal production decreases from close to 3% per year observed in the period 1980-1990, to 2.2% per year in 1990-2010, 1.8% per year in 2010-2025, 1% per year in 2025-2050 and 0.5% per year in 2050-2100. The last version, published in 2017, indicates that between 1996 and 2015, GM crops increased global production by 357.7 million tons of corn, 180.3 million tons of soybean, 25.2 million tons of cotton fiber, 10.6 million tons of canola and about a ton of sugar beet. Planting too late decreases the available sunlight the crop can harvest and shifts the reproductive growth stage into sub-optimal climatic conditions. If they are controlled at correct time, it will ensure increased crop production. The reactions catalyzed by Rubisco are directly affected by temperature. (iii) Crop Protection Management : Field crops are infested by a large number of weeds, insect pests and diseases. Yields of major crops have increased steadily during the last decades. Yes, but to a point. Then the soil can be treated with the appropriate organic product needed to solve the problem, without the use of synthetic chemicals which can harm the environment (and provide only a … Join now. In this process, plants take water from their roots and carbon dioxide from the air. In order to increase global food production and security in a warmer future, broad investment in many of these priorities is an urgent matter. For maintaining voluntary soil conditions for crops use of fertilizers is a must. (iii) Crop Protection Management : Field crops are infested by a large number of weeds, insect pests and diseases. In what ways can employment be increased in the urban areas? To meet food demands by 2050, worldwide crop production needs to increase by 70% (Wu and Ma, 2015). Increased crop yields: After accounting for the changes above, average global crop yields increased by about 20 percent. Therefore we have most of the agricultural innovations focusing on seed, the most vital and critical agricultural input. Let’s take a look at Smith’s claims one by one. And it is very essential & important for the farmers to understand, how profitable their farmland is & how to improve the production of crops.How much you can produce within a given amount of land proves how efficient you are as … If they are controlled at correct time, it will ensure increased crop production. There is no single way to increase agricultural productivity. Testing soils to determine the cause of declining crop yield is the first step toward finding the source of the issue—whether it’s disease, a lack of nutrients, or unproductive soil. Different varieties of crops can be genetically designed to grow and develop at different rates, allowing farmers to select a crop variety that can go through its entire life cycle in the growing season of their region. Higher seeding rates generally result in more plants per acre, which decreases the amount of space each plant must fill to achieve canopy closure and maximum light interception. In fact, the food issue is not just an economic issue, but a security issue. As ICT in Agriculture notes, increased land use to increase productivity will not be a feasible option for farmers, as this will bring on negative environmental and social costs, such as deforestation and loss of biodiversity. Each crop type has an optimal seeding rate range. Scientists at the U.S. Department of Agriculture are developing research-based technologies to help farmers increase productivity and production efficiency while practicing sustainable agriculture. Join now. When you focus on sunlight, you might bring around your best crop yet. The importance of crop production is related to harvested areas, returns per hectare (yields) and quantities produced. What is saturated solution ? Farmers are faced with the challenge of producing sufficient crops to meet growing consumer demand while maintaining the quality and quantity of resources for future generations. 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