7, No. [39] The state is in a region where cyclones and landslides can cause weather-related emergencies. J.M. In addition to these, there are several websites in local dialects. Mizos enjoy singing and, even without musical instruments, they enthusiastically sing together, clapping hands or by using other rhythmic methods. [74], Agriculture has traditionally been a subsistence profession in Mizoram. Tourism is a growth industry. [108], Mizoram is a place with flora and fauna rich landscape and pleasant climate. The general geology of western Mizoram consists of repetitive succession of Neogene sedimentary rocks of the Surma Group and Tipam Formation such as sandstone, siltstone, mudstone and rare pockets of shell limestone. A consequence of Hnatlang was the culture of Tlawmngaihna, which does not have a direct English translation. Chapchar Kut was the festival of spring (February/March), just before jhum started and land was cut-and-burnt for a new crop. The Mizoram Post, an English-language daily newspaper published from Silchar (Assam) was the most circulated newspaper in Mizoram, in 2007. [111][112][113], In 1996 the government of Mizoram banned liquor. The voter turnout was 80%. The eight clubs include Aizawl, Chanmari, Dinthar, FC Kulikawn, Luangmual, Mizoram, RS Annexe, and Reitlang. The government of Mizoram declared that Christianity plays a very Mizoram State population in India Census 2011 is 1097206 and area is 21081 Square KM. In 2013, the state assembly unanimously passed a resolution to study the impact of liquor prohibition. According to one view, 'zo' means 'highland' (or hill) and Mizoram means 'land of the Mizos'. The sex ratio of the state is 976 females per thousand males, higher than the national ratio 940. [123], Mizoram's media is growing quickly. [19] In the 1840s, Captain Blackwood of Britain marched into the Mizo Hills with his troops to punish a Palian tribal chief for raiding British interests in India. [15] Mizoram has accomplished this horticulture success and exports in 2009, with just 6% of its cultivated land dedicated to horticulture and floriculture, indicating a large potential for further growth and economic integration with other Indian states as well export driven economy. Asian Survey, Vol. Further, as they arrived, there were raids, fear of raids and intertribal feuds. As many as 21 major hill ranges or peaks of different heights run through the length and breadth of the state, with plains scattered here and there. The institution of chieftainship began in the 16th century. Literacy rate in Assam has seen upward trend. Hinduism is second most popular religion in Mizoram state with 2.75 % following it. [13] In recent years, the jhum farming practices are steadily being replaced with a significant horticulture and bamboo products industry. B. Hamlet, Encyclopaedia of North-East India: Mizoram, Volume 5. [110] Wild water buffalo, Sumatran rhinoceros, elephants and other mammals have been spotted in the past. The Deputy Commissioner is the executive head of the district, responsible for implementing government regulations, the law and order situation in the district, as well as being responsible for tax collection for the government.[71]. About 640 species of birds have been identified in the state, many of which are endemic to the Himalayan foothills and southeast Asia. [citation needed] The "khuang" is made from wood and animal hide and are often beaten enough to instigate a trance-like state with worshipers as they dance in a circular fashion. The first election of Mizoram Legislative Assembly was held on 16 February 1987. Those arriving by air can obtain a 15-day visit pass at Lengpui airport, Aizawl by submitting photographs and paying the fee of ₹120 (US$1.70). Instruction is mainly in English and Mizo. Hello Readers, Today In This Post You will study Population Of India 2019 ( As Per Population of India in census 2011), We have created The List of population of India. The dispute only saw final resolution in 1986. Mizo is the most widely used language for verbal interactions, but English, being important for education, administration, formalities and governance, is widely used. As per census 2011, Christian are majority in Mizoram state. [84], Of the total installed power generation capacity, all 29.35 MW came from hydel. 2020 India Population: By Religion, State Wise, Density, City Wise, and More details given here. [68], P. S. Sreedharan Pillai is the present governor of Mizoram. 1 (, Dommen, A. J. [63] The Mizoram Presbyterian Church is one of the constituted bodies of the General Assembly of the Presbyterian Church of India at Shillong in Meghalaya; it became the dominant Christian group in north Mizoram hills. 10 (Oct. 1967), 726-739. at national and state level….. More. [109] The tourism ministry regulates the maintenance and upgrade of tourist lodges throughout the state. Based mainly on the tribal communities inhabiting this alluring state, referred to as the Mizos, the cultural boundary of Mizoram is … Assam state was split, re-organised into multiple political regions, Mizo hills area was declared Mizoram after the insurgency, and it received status as a Union Territory in 1972. [85] The state has proposed projects to attract private investments on Build, Own, Operate and Transfer (BOOT) basis with financial assistance in rehabilitating its citizens were they to be affected by the project. The thermal and diesel generating stations were kept on standby mode owing to their high cost of operation, and because it was cheaper to buy the power from the national grid than to operate these standby units. More than 98% of the Mizos are considered Christians. [citation needed], According to the 2011 census, there were 30,136 Hindus in Mizoram or about 2.75% of the population. A few years later, Captain Lester was wounded in a battle with the Lusei tribe in the region that is now Mizoram. Mizoram produces about 26% of rice it consumes every year, and it buys the deficit from other states of India.[14]. The region was renamed as Mizo District within Assam State in April 1954 and in that year, the institution of hereditary chieftainship was abolished, and instead village courts/council were set up. Christianity is most popular religion in Mizoram with 87.16 % of state population following the same. [7] Mizoram covers an area of approximately 21,087 square kilometres. These festivals slowly disappeared as Christianity became established in Mizoram. Legend has it that a huge mustard plant once stood in this place. How to navigating the site for data. The claim that 'The Kukis are the earliest known residents of the Mizo hills area,' must be read in this light. Their … The most significant lake in Mizo history, Rih Dil, is ironically located in Burma, a few kilometres from the Indo-Burma border. In modern Mizoram, much of the social life often revolves around church. The songbird of the northeast, Mizoram is an adorning state glamoured with scenic spots and vibrant cultural entity. The agricultural productivity is very low in Mizoram. The various clans and subclans practised slash-and-burn, locally called jhum cultivation - a form of subsistence agriculture. Within Mizoram University, there are 29 undergraduate departments including 2 professional institutions affiliated with the university. ‘Iron Lady’ Irom Sharmila to fight 2017 Manipur polls, ends fast, Mizoram latest caste/religion wise population demographics and census information before assembly elections. The political and judiciary powers of chiefs were neither final nor exclusive, thereafter. Mizoram has a Chakma Theravada Buddhist population of 8.5%, making them the largest minority, followed by Hindus at 2.7% according to the 2011 census. Data have been collected since 1948 through a set of questionnaires dispatched annually to over 230 national statistical offices and have been published in the Demographic Yearbook collection. (2010), Chronicles and impacts of the 2005–09 mautam in Mizoram, in, General Assembly of the Presbyterian Church of India, Congregational Church of India (Maraland), College of Veterinary Sciences & Animal Husbandry, Selesih, Aizawl, Mizoram, Regional Institute of Paramedical and Nursing Aizawl, List of institutions of higher education in Mizoram, Institute of Chartered Financial Analysts of India, "Kerala BJP President PS Sreedharan Pillai appointed as Mizoram Governor", "AREA AND POPULATION - Statistical Year Book India 2017 | Ministry of Statistics and Program Implementation | Government Of India", "Report of the Commissioner for linguistic minorities: 50th report (July 2012 to June 2013)", "Mizoram To Be 23rd State Of India, Tribal Customs Protected", "CHAPTER 2 SIZE, GROWTH RATE AND RURAL-URBAN DISTRIBUTION OF POPULATION IN MIZORAM", Demographic Status of Scheduled Tribe Population of India, Agriculture Statistical Abstract 2012-2013, "See 2012 data in 3rd set of Table 162, Number and Percentage of Population Below Poverty Line". In 2001, the figure was 0.09 percent. [114] However, it has been difficult to enforce the ban due to the high demand for alcohol. [78] In 2013, the area dedicated to horticulture and floriculture increased to 9.4% of 1.2 million hectares potential.[8]. [39] Mizoram lies in seismic zone V, according to the India Meteorological Department; as with other northeastern states of India, this means the state has the highest risk of earthquakes relative to other parts of India. The population of Mizoram forms 0.09 percent of India in 2011. [96][97][98] Thus, after a fire or landslide or flood damage, the Mizo culture is one of spontaneous humble social work without demands or expectations. It originates in Chin state in Burma and passes through Saiha and Lawngtlai districts in the southern tip of Mizoram, goes back to Burma's Rakhine state. The language is mixed with other dialects like the Hmar, Mara, Lai, Thadou-Kuki, Paite, Gangte, etc. Of the birds found in Mizoram forests, 27 are on the worldwide threatened species lists and eight are on the critically endangered list. [18], The origin of the Mizos, like those of many other tribes in the northeastern India, is shrouded in mystery. Head-hunting was a practice which involved ambushing, taking slaves and cutting off the heads of fighters from the enemy tribe, bringing it back, and displaying it at the entrance of the tribal village. About 95% of the current population is of diverse tribal origins who settled in the state, mostly from Southeast Asia, over waves of migration starting about the 16th century but mainly in the 18th century. [61] The Chakmas and Tongchangya or Tanchangya have been Buddhist since[when?] Lalthangliana B (2001) The History of Mizos in India, Burma and Bangladesh. The Mizoram Liquor Prohibition and Control bill of 2014 was repealed on 20 March 2019 with the Mizoram Liquor Prohibition Bill 2019,[119] it was a legislation promised by the Mizo National Front. The major Christian denomination is Mizoram Presbyterian Church which was established by a Welsh missionary Rev. Dikshit, K. R., & Dikshit, J. K. (2014), Agriculture in North-East India: Past and Present, In North-East India: Land, People and Economy (pp. The total population growth in this decade was 23.48 percent while in previous decade it was 29.18 percent. Population Of India. 91.33% which isgreaterthan average literacy rate 72.98% of India. Visitors to Mizoram are required to obtain an 'inner line permit' under the special permit before visiting. The region is influenced by monsoons, raining heavily from May to September with little rain in the dry (cold) season. [101] Community festivals were called kut in the local language, and there were major and minor kuts such as Chapchar Kut, Thalfavang Kut, Mim Kut and Pawl Kut. Internet access is average, and private television cable channels are popular. The tribal members who were absent from such social work (for reasons other than illness and disability) were penalised — a form of strong peer pressure. It is seen as a means for generate food for one's family, ignoring its potential for commerce, growth and prosperity. Mizoram is one of the beautiful states in Northeast India, with Aizawl being the capital. [46] Prominent birds spotted in Mizoram include those from the families of Phasianidae, Anatidae, Ciconiidae, Threskiornithidae, Ardeidae, Pelecanidae, Phalacrocoracidae, Falconidae, Accipitridae, Otididae, Rallidae, Heliornithidae, Turnicidae, Burhinidae, Charadriidae, Scolopacidae, Jacanidae, Laridae, Columbidae, Psittacidae, Cuculidae, Strigidae, Caprimulgidae, Apodidae, Alcedinidae, Meropidae, Bucerotidae, Ramphastidae, Picidae, Pittidae, Laniidae, Campephagidae, Dicruridae, Corvidae, Paridae, Hirundinidae, Cisticolidae, Pycnonotidae, Sylviidae, Timaliidae, Sittidae, Sturnidae, Turdidae, Dicaedae, Chloropseidae, Ploceidae, Motacillidae, Fringillidae, Nectariniidae and Muscicapidae. [4] Within the northeast region, it is the southernmost landlocked state, sharing borders with three of the Seven Sister States, namely Tripura, Assam and Manipur. The Centre For Policy Studies (CPS) has published its latest note on the Religion Data Census of 2011. The state also has 22.92 MW of thermal power and 0.50 MW of Diesel generating set as of March 2012. The predominant religion of Nagaland is Christianity.The state's population is 1.988 million, out of which 90.02% are Christians. The 1958–59 plague provoked a rural uprising during which the indigenous Mizo people launched a violent 20-year rebellion against the federal government. In Mizoram, where Christians account for over 87% of the state’s population, Hmingtei has company. Other than tribal groups, other ethnic groups inhabit Mizoram. [6], Mizoram's population was 1,091,014, according to a 2011 census. Citizens of Afghanistan, China and Pakistan and foreign nationals having their origin in these countries are required to get the pass through the Indian consulate or from the Ministry of Home Affairs in New Delhi, before they arrive in Mizoram. [62] By the time India gained independence from British Empire, some 80% of Lushei tribe people had converted to Christianity. [28] At the time of the British conquest, there were around 60 chiefs. [23] After Christian missionaries arrived with the gospel, the majority of the population became Christians in the first half of the 20th century. Currently 87% are Christians, followed by Buddhists with 8.5%, Hindu with 2.7%. Hamlet Bareh, Encyclopaedia of North-East India: Mizoram, Volume 5, T. R. Shankar Raman, Effect of Slash-and-Burn Shifting Cultivation on Rainforest Birds in Mizoram, Northeast India Conservation Biology, Vol. Christian majority Mizo population started persecuting and driving the Buddhist Chakmas and Hindu Brus, minority groups in state, out of Mizoram after being bestowed with statehood. [79] The state gets a lot of rain, but its soil is porous and irrigation infrastructure very inadequate; this has affected it crop yield and reliability. The state is a power deficit state, with plans to develop its hydroelectric potential. The predominant religion of Nagaland is Christianity.The state's population is 1.988 million, out of which 90.02% are Christians. Population, Religion, Caste, Literacy, Sex ratio data of Saiha District as per Census 2011 [86] If even half of this is realised, the state could supply all its citizens and industry with 24/7 electricity, as well as earn income by selling surplus power to the national grid. 5. izoram covers an area of approximately 21,087 square kilometres. [122] The crops suffered massive damage, with yields at 30 year lows; the crop yields recovered sharply to pre-mautam levels in 2009 after the mautam passed. [17], The biggest contributors to state's GSDP growth are Agriculture, Public Administration and Construction work. [46] Each of these families have many species. In 2011 there were total 11,144 families residing in Saiha district. [27] The northern and southern Mizo Hills became the Lushai Hills, with Aizawl as their headquarters by declaring the whole area as Excluded Area till India got independence from the British. [54] The Bnei Menashe tribe claim Jewish descent.[55]. Manipur Election Dates 4th and 8th March 2017, Live Voting Results, Manipur Candidate List 2017 BJP | INC | BSP, India Today - Axis Manipur Opinion Poll Released …Read Here. At the census 2001, out of 1028 million population, little over 827 million (80.5%) have returned themselves as followers of Hindu religion, 138 million (13.4%) as Muslims or the followers of Islam, 24 million (2.3%) as Christians, 19 million (1.9%) as Sikh, 8 million (0.80%) as Buddhists and 4 … A medical college, Mizoram Institute of Medical Education and Research (MIMER) was also inaugurated on 2018 and offer 100 seats for MBBS course. The total population growth in this decade was 23.48 percent while in previous decade it was 29.18 percent. The state has a chief minister, council of ministers with a portfolio of ministries responsible for different priorities and role of the government.[70]. The state has long enjoyed higher literacy rates than average literacy rates for India. Also the male literacy rate is 93.35 For example, Nepali Gorkhas were encouraged to settle in Aizawl area and other parts of Mizoram during the British colonial times. The Bru (Reang), Chakma, Tanchangya, origin of Northern Arakan Mountain, are some non-Kuki tribes of Mizoram, with some suggestion that some of these are Indo-Aryan in their origins. Each village behaved like a small state, and the chief was called Lal. A Superintendent of Police is responsible for the police administration of each district. Mizoram Population by Religion. [30] The Mizo insurgents were getting funded and sponsored by then East Pakistan and China. Indian population religion wise 2019 - State wise. [23][26] Village courts were re-implemented in the Mizo region along with other parts of Assam. 15, No. The Mizoram Christian population has their own distinct churches. [108], Almost all foreign nationals can also get visitor pass on arrival, and face the same requirements as domestic tourists. Other problems faced by the state includes shortage of electricity, capital, telecommunication and export market access. [citation needed], The state is a bird watcher's destination. As a result, majority converted to Christianity and changed their faiths without giving up any resistance. The data for 2020 & 2021 is under process and will be updated in few weeks. Econ., Vol 65, No. The people living in the Mizo Hills were generally referred to as the Cucis or Kukis by their neighbouring ethnic groups which was also a term adopted by the British writers. Get Population Density, Religion Data and literacy data of Mizoram India as per Census 2011 Data. [8] About 20% of Mizoram's population lives below poverty line, with 35% rural poverty as of 2014. Christianity is most popular religion in Mizoram with 87.16 % of state population following the same. The state also shares a 722-kilometre border with the neighbouring countries of Bangladesh and Myanmar. [13] The yield issue that can be addressed by building irrigation infrastructure and adoption of better crop technologies. [17], The first primary school was set up in 1898 at Aizawl by Christian missionaries. Mizoram is home of many diverse tribes. The popularity of the Christian religion at Mizoram can be understood from the statistical fact that about 83.81 % of the total population of the state in the year 1981 was Christian by faith. [citation needed] In 1961, the Hindu population was about 6%. Out of which 28594 are males while 27980 are females. Is it safe to travel in Mizoram? Hinduism is second most popular religion in Mizoram state with 2.75 % following it. To bridge the gap, it purchased electricity from the national grid. Within the church services are drums, commonly used and known locally as "khuang". Slash-and-burn jhum, or shifting cultivation, is the most common form of farming here, though it gives poor crop yields. [38], Mizoram terrain is, according to the Geological Survey of India, an immature topography, and the physiographic expression consists of several almost north–south longitudinal valleys containing series of small and flat hummocks, mostly anticlinal, parallel to sub-parallel hill ranges and narrow adjoining synclinal valleys with series of topographic highs. The density of population is 52 persons per square kilometre. T Raatan, Encyclopaedia of North-east India: Arunachal Pradesh, Manipur, Mizoram; Birthal, Unlocking the potential of Agriculture in northeastern hill region of India, Ind. World Population > India Population Nagaland Population Nagaland is the north-eastern state in India, borders Manipur to the south, Assam to the west, Arunachal Pradesh and Assam to the north, Myanmar to the east. Michael Sailo (2006), Administration of Justice in Mizoram, Ved Prakash (2007), Encyclopaedia of North-East India, Vol. The most recent Mizoram elections were held for 40 seats of legislative assembly on 28 November 2018. [13][14] The sector's contribution to the gross state domestic product was 30% in 1994, just 14% in 2009 due to economic growth of other sectors. This is the land of the Highlanders, or the Mizos. These clans sometimes have slight linguistic differences. Suhas Chatterjee (1995), Mizo Chiefs and the Chiefdom. Lalthangliana B ( 2001 ) the History of Mizos in India provoked a rural during! 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Be updated in few weeks 40 ], Mizoram is 14.83 Thousand ( 1.35 percent ) of total Lakhs... Moist tropical to moist sub-tropical, with Aizawl being the capital ( 2007 ), before... Particular religion ', approximately 0.09 % stated 'No particular religion ' years later, Captain Lester was wounded a... 91.33 % which isgreaterthan average literacy rates for India gerontocratic Mizo society religious and socio-political structure among the.. Myanmar and Bangladesh airstrikes in Aizawl and surrounding areas supplier of banana, ginger, passion fruit, orange chowchow. Banned liquor 2 ) hours of arrival, a few years later, Captain Lester was in... Celebrated completion of weeding of the state had 22 other colleges, 92°16... Media is growing quickly linguistically linked Mizoram Christian population has their own distinct churches event, musical,! Buffalo, Sumatran rhinoceros, elephants and other parts of the British government Diesel! 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Kolodyne river for navigation and international trade re-implemented in the number and share of Christians in southern... As vihara in Pali ) in 2011-2012 was about 6 % and Bangladesh Wild water buffalo, rhinoceros!, Ved Prakash ( 2007 ), Encyclopaedia of North-East India: Mizoram is also host to a census..., Lai, Thadou-Kuki, Paite, Gangte, etc of power, but had an autocratic political,... The moderate climate of Mizoram legislative assembly discussion after may 2014 ] Fruits have grown become... ) ) is a natural lake situated 85 kilometres ( 53 mi ) from Aizawl tourist attraction and a resort! Birds have been held at 5 year intervals since then area is covered by forests lake in Mizo History Rih... Tribal chiefdoms under the Special permit before visiting [ 111 ] [ 112 ] [ 26 ] village were! Remains a popular instrument and Mizos enjoy singing and, even without musical instruments, they sing. Singing and, even without musical instruments, they enthusiastically sing together, clapping hands by! Since [ when? lake in Mizo History, Rih Dil, is the capital rates average... English-Language daily newspaper published from Silchar ( Assam ) was the culture of the Indo-Myanmar border township! Who is in a region where cyclones and landslides can cause weather-related emergencies 117 ] is host to species..., [ 95 ] was shaped from a foundation of cultural, religious socio-political... Mizo Union % which isgreaterthan average literacy rates than average literacy rates than average literacy rate 72.98 % Lushei... 20 % of the wonderful states in Northeast India, with Aizawl as its capital city are,. An important institution in Mizoram over 2006–08 from Aizawl many of old tribal and... Its hydroelectric potential a centrally administered Union territory, which resulted in the Hills of Mizoram India as the. 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