The Graça Machel Trust is gravely concerned by, the ongoing violence in Ethiopia, Mozambique and Uganda. This is particularly pronounced in the case of Addis Ababa, in which the constitution granted Oromia a “special interest”. This is thought to be particularly the case in countries with a high proportion of young people – ‘youth bulges’. The threads that connect the carnage in Oromia with the plight of Tsige’s family are real, even if hard to see. In July riots took place near Tsige’s home after the assassination of Hachalu Hundessa, a popular … HIV is a highly prevalent sexual health problem in Ethiopia. 17. ADDIS ABABA, Ethiopia — Weeks after receiving the Nobel Peace Prize, Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed is coming under harsh criticism over his silence in the face of … Amharic-speakers are still perceived to control much of the urban economy. Sexual violence is also reportedly common. 2. Change ), You are commenting using your Twitter account. About 68–81 % of women agree wife beating if husband has justify in at least one of specified situations in Ethiopia . New housing estates were pelted with stones, cars and petrol stations were set alight. The Oromo have long complained of exclusion from political process. The conflict in Ethiopia's Tigray region has cost hundreds of lives and sent tens of thousands of people fleeing to Sudan over the past three weeks. “If you take 50 hotels in the city, only three are owned by Oromos,” alleges the owner of a juice bar in Adama, the second-largest city in Oromia. As Ethiopia prepares for delayed elections some time next year, towns will be places to watch—and worry about. Disclosure bias for group versus individual reporting of violence amongst conflict-affected adolescent girls in DRC and Ethiopia. Several years ago the Ethiopian authorities confiscated almost all of it to build public housing for residents of Addis Ababa, the capital. A local human rights watchdog says Ethiopian security officers used "highly questionable" force. Trafficking of Women 54 6.3. 2016. The popular Oromo singer, 36, was shot dead in the capital Addis Ababa on June 29 by unknown gunmen and was laid to rest later at a church in Ambo, his home town about 100 km west of the capital. The urban populace is divided and extremely hostile to the regime in power. Ethiopia has shown that in the face of seemingly insurmountable urban pressures it is possible for even a very poor country to take radical steps. Disentangling urban adolescents’ vulnerability to age- and gender-based violence through a capability lens in Ethiopia and Rwanda. Old tensions are exacerbated by two factors in modern Ethiopian politics. Urban Development and Construction 50 5.5. The third chapter provides the international and African regional legal response, for domestic violence which is ratified by both Ethiopia and South Africa. 15. But similar conflicts fester elsewhere, sometimes turning violent, as in the eastern city of Harar, where a minority of ethnic Harari enjoyed political privileges at the expense of much larger Oromo and Amhara populations. ( Log Out /  Late Haacaaluu’s songs were popluar among a generation of Oromo protesters whose three years of anti-government demonstrations finally forced the unprecedented resignation of the Prime minister, 2018, and the appointment of the Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed. pic.twitter.com/RQZC0J11SO, — Somalia Latest News (@NaziifAbdullahi) June 30, 2020. About 88 % of rural and 69 % of urban women believe that their husbands have the right to beat them. ( Log Out /  [Read] H.E @AUC_MoussaFaki Chairperson of the African Union Commission appeals for calm in Ethiopia: https://t.co/HZYlmgfu4H#Ethiopia pic.twitter.com/gksWUQPJyO, — African Union (@_AfricanUnion) July 2, 2020. Oromo nationalists claim the city is part of their historic “homeland” and demand a final say over its governance. Copyright © The Economist Newspaper Limited 2021. There have been growing reports of prevailing crimes in Jenila district of Harar city. The system also hardened perceptions of non-indigenous folk as alien settlers. Ethnic violence erupted in Ethiopia after the killing of singer Hachalu Hundessa. The UN has warned that ongoing violence in the country threatens citizens' security and their right to vote. There were widespread attacks on minorities, notably Amharas, the largest ethnic group after the Oromo. Rapid urban expansion, ongoing conflicts within Ethiopia and high levels of vulnerability to ongoing drought and seasonal floods continue to generate new displacements every year. Violence Against Women. Telecommunication 51 Social Constraints to Women and Girls 53 6.1. “…While the country mourns the loss Hachalu Hundesa, the Chairperson appeals for calm, restraint by all sides and calls on all Ethiopians to refrain from acts that could further escalate the current situation” reads the statement of the African Union Chairman H.E Moussa Faki Mahamat, who is monitoring the recent developments in Ethiopia closely, following the killing of Haacaalu Hundeessaa. 16. under the Urban Assistance programme and the Out of Camp Policy. Ethiopia, with the goal of informing the development of a pilot survey instrument to measure the prevalence and impact of GBI in selected urban slums of the same three cities. “They have a plan to dominate the economy of this town,” frets a non-Oromo. In the past decade the expanding city has inched ever closer to Tsige’s village. A life of modest comfort teetered toward destitution. Ethiopia urban population for 2017 was 21,609,845, a 4.99% increase from 2016. Change ). Much of central Shashamene, a booming entrepot some 200km south, was burned to the ground. In July riots took place near Tsige’s home after the assassination of Hachalu Hundessa, a popular musician and activist from the Oromo ethnic group. ■, This article appeared in the Middle East & Africa section of the print edition under the headline "Urban brawl", Sign up to our free daily newsletter, The Economist today, Published since September 1843 to take part in “a severe contest between intelligence, which presses forward, and an unworthy, timid ignorance obstructing our progress.”. Intimate partner violence (IPV) against women and food insecurity are an ever growing public health concerns in Ethiopia. For urban officials, leasing and administering high-value land is a source of revenue, rents and patronage. Gender Based Violence 54 6.3.1 Interpersonal Violence 54 6.3.2 Domestic Violence 55 … Despite considerable progress over the past two decades in advancing the visibility of the rights of children and adolescents to bodily integrity and a life free from violence, the transition from childhood … 1. 1 General Overview: Sexual and Gender based Violence- Ethiopia Gender power imbalance, prevalent gender inequalities, impunity and gender discrimination remain the root causes of sexual and gender based violence (SGBV) in Ethiopia2. The singer’s killing sparked protests in Addis and surrounding Oromiya region, leading to violent clashes, which left behind more than 80 people killed. “At the core this is about the concentration of economic power and opportunity in urban areas,” says Eshetayehu Kinfu of Hawassa University near Shashamene. The first is the 1995 constitution, which carved up territory along ethnic lines. By one count 239 people were killed, some murdered by mobs, others by security forces. Here, we discuss only the violence perpetrated by men. Change ), You are commenting using your Google account. He leaves behind three daughters, the youngest a month old. Trott C.D, Harman J.J, Kaufman M.R. So many grab lots of it, adding to the ranks of the landless and jobless. Six people were injured on July 2 in slashes between Ethiopian security forces and mourners attempting to attend the funeral of Oromo singer and activist Haacaaluu Hundeessaa, whose assassination earlier this week sparked protests, causing violent death of at least 80 people. In Ethiopia, community policing has been announced ofcially as a national program in 2005 E.C with the impetus to nullify crimes at lower tiers. Ethiopia’s domestic politics have produced violence and continuing tension over the past two years. Understand the environment of violence and insecurity for women in urban slums. “This land is ours but now it’s people from other places who are enjoying it.”, The growing perception is that towns with mixed populations are strongholds of Abiy’s Prosperity Party, which seeks to have no ethnic slant. “Our fathers lost their land, so we have nothing to inherit,” says Tsige’s son Betemariam. Ethiopia: urban violence continues Posted on July 2, 2020 by Europe correspondent Leave a comment Six people were injured on July 2 in slashes between Ethiopian security forces and mourners attempting to attend the funeral of Oromo singer and activist Haacaaluu Hundeessaa, whose assassination earlier this week sparked protests, causing violent death of at least 80 people. ( Log Out /  An added sore is that public housing built on land that belonged to Oromo farmers was typically given to more prosperous city-dwellers. for domestic violence, as well as state intervention strategies. What mummified baboons say about globalisation, South Africa’s black middle class has prospered under democracy. “It’s not fair,” says Beshadu Degife, who lives down the lane. Article 620 of the 2004 Criminal Code of Ethiopia, defines rape differently as compelled "sexual intercourse outside wedlock". Many southern towns began as imperial garrisons after the conquests of Emperor Menelik II, an Amhara, in the late 19th century. As towns expanded they attracted settlers from Ethiopia’s northern highlands, who spoke Amharic and dominated urban commerce and the state bureaucracy. Women and Migration 53 6.2. The second factor is land. Ethiopia urban population for 2016 was 20,581,872, a 5.06% increase from 2015. violence as a trigger for urban violence The now largely accepted argument that deprivation is itself a form of violence gained prominence with John Galtung’s (1991) work on “struc- ( Log Out /  Establishing cities sometimes involved the eviction of those already on the land, including the Oromo clans who lived on ground that was taken for Addis Ababa. , all land is owned by the state bureaucracy murdered by mobs others. Christians and non-Oromos not share posts by email the environment of violence amongst adolescent. Delayed elections some time next year, towns will be places to watch—and worry about flashpoints of violence. Amharas, the youngest a month old raised without a father figure began buying jerry cans because from! Countryside around the Ethiopian authorities confiscated almost all of it, adding to the ranks of the Criminal. 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