A mineral is a pure inorganic substance that occurs naturally in the earth’s crust. The EGS Mineral Resources Expert Group (MREG) is actively involved in contributing to policy- and strategy-making processes aiming to identify, characterize and safeguard a sustainable resource potential, notably on critical and strategic raw materials, through research, development and innovation. Many types of minerals are made when molten rock, or magma cools and turns into a solid. The department's origins lie the creation in the 1890s of the "Department van Mijnwezen" (Department of Mining) in the government of the Transvaal Republic. Mineral Resources Limited (MRL) is a leading mining services company with interests in commodities including iron ore, lithium and manganese. Alba Mineral Resources plc is a mineral exploration and development company with a diversified portfolio of mining assets and oil & gas investments. Mineral Resources Development Company Limited (MRDC) was established in 1975 and is 100% owned by the Government of Papua New Guinea.. Railways, computers, cars, skyscrapers etc in modern society depends upon the exploitation of mineral resources. mineral resources synonyms, mineral resources pronunciation, mineral resources translation, English dictionary definition of mineral resources. Today, Canada is the leading producer of potash and is estimated to rank in the top five global producers of aluminum , diamonds , cobalt , nickel , platinum , tungsten , uranium and sulphur . The mineral halite, which is used as table salt, forms when water evaporates in a hot, shallow part of the ocean, leaving behind the salt it contained. Define mineral resources. Mineral resources are the key material basis for socio-economic development. It is the Democratic Republic of the Congo's largest source of export income. Minerals are naturally occurring, inorganic, crystalline solids having a definite chemical composition and characteristic physical properties. It was initially established as the State Nominee to acquire the State and Landowner equity interests in mining and petroleum projects and to manage the equity funds for landowner companies from the major resource development areas of PNG. The Department of Mineral Resources is a department of the national government of South Africa which is responsible for overseeing the mining industry of South Africa and the exploitation of the country's mineral resources. Mining for mineral resources has played a central role in the history of Canada’s settlement and the development of its industrial economy. In August 2019, King Salman issued a royal decree and divided the ministry into two- Ministry of Industry and Mineral Resources, and Ministry of Energy.While Khalid al-Falih still remained the energy minister, business executive Bandar Al-Khorayef was named as the minister of natural resources. Minerals form in many ways. Statistical results show that more than 95% of energy used by mankind, 80% industrial raw materials and 70% raw materials for agricultural production are from mineral resources. The mining industry of the Democratic Republic of the Congo is a significant factor in the world's production of cobalt, copper, diamond, tantalum, tin, and gold. Geoscientists play an essential role in locating mineral resources and designing processes for their safe extraction. mineral resources uses and exploitation environmental effects of extracting and using mineral resources case studies 3. 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