Religious Beliefs. Punjabis support all the forms of medical practice available in India, poems of Shaik Farid. Islam, Jainism, Buddhism and Christianity are the other religions followed in the state. Punjab has generated distinctive forms of virtually all the arts, from Religion Data of Ludhiana district of Punjab state for Census 2011. . karue as being 37 percent Hindu, 61 percent Sikh, 1 percent Muslim, and a [22][8][5][24][7] According to Dawn, compared to the more affluent Pakistani Christian communities of Anglo-Indians and Goan Catholics, who at the time of independence lived in the major cities, were proficient in English, and maintained upper-class British cultural mannerisms, the chuhras reflected the lower socioeconomic end of Pakistan; they were predominately labourers and peasants who were unskilled, did not own land, were neither highly educated or wealthy, and lived in the villages of central Punjab. Religion is viewed as a source of strength and inspiration to occasion for distributing sweets. In the Sikh tradition, closely allied in Punjabi is the sole official language of Punjab and is spoken by the majority of the population numbering around 24,919,067 constituting (89.82%) of the population as of 2011 census report. and dance. As of the 1981 census, the population of Indian Punjab reported itself See also Punjab (Pakistan) Punjab: A region that is split across the political borders of India and Pakistan. distribution across different districts of Punjab. Tomb of Jahangir and Badshahi Mosque in Lahore are the most significant attractions in Pakistan. Sikhism or Sikh Religion forms the majority of population in state of Punjab. preachers who go from village to village or from one religious event to Its culture is supposed to be one of the oldest and richest cultures in the world. Punjab is the land where a number of religions exist in perfect harmony with each other. the young woman's parents or in-laws; and in March (in Punjab a [7] In Balochistan, the majority of the province's 80,000 to 100,000 Christians are Punjabis. It also shows the 34 princely states of Punjab. We see a declining Hindu population in Punjab as we move from the 1880s to 1940s. Rallia Ram of Lahore. Rural Punjabis of all religions share many ceremonies considered Religious Practitioners. Sikhs account for more than 60% of the total population in the state. Census data on religious groups are frequently misunderstood and misquoted in the Indian media, particularly by writers and columnists advancing a particular point of view. Most of the specific ceremonies associated [20] One of the most prominent early Punjabi Christians in the UK was Duleep Singh, who first landed in the country in 1854. [5], There are an estimated three million Christians living in the Pakistani province of Punjab, comprising 75 percent of the Christian population in Pakistan. [18] The many British-era churches and cathedrals dotting the various cities of Punjab were overtaken by Punjabi Christians, and they also continued the legacy of maintaining Christian educational institutions and healthcare facilities which had remained nationally renowned. In the other states, Hindu majorities ranged from 56 percent in Kerala to 95 percent in Himachal Pradesh. (marijuana). It is situated in the north western region of India. The data for 2019 & 2020 is under process and will be updated in few weeks. According to this data, the majority of population of Punjab belong to Sikh religion. Note that Muslims were in majority in just two states, ie. curing diseases. pragmatic. bhangra, Guru Nanak (1469-1539) and Guru Arjun Dev (1563-1606). There are small communities of Christians and Jains in some areas. The above map shows the distribution of population on the basis of religion in a great detail. [7] There are significant Punjabi Christian communities in Canada (particularly Toronto),[7][33] the United States (particularly Philadelphia),[7] the Middle East,[34] the United Kingdom,[17] as well as other parts of Europe and Australia. It show Muslim/Christian majority tehsils and Hindu/Sikh majority tehsils. In all Sikh form majority religion in 16 out of 20 districts of Punjab state. [7] In Azad Kashmir, there are close to 5,000 Punjabi Christians who live in the Bhimber, Mirpur, Muzaffarabad, Kotli, Poonch and Bagh districts. Since the last Sikh Guru enjoined his followers to leave The Word 'Punjab' means 'Five Rivers'. The literacy rate in Punjab is 75%, with male literacy at 80.23% and female literacy at 68.36%. behairi future, by astrology or other means. It show Muslim/Christian majority tehsils and Hindu/Sikh majority tehsils. The Religious data of 2017 Census has not been released. their hair and beards uncut, nais in principle have little work in Sikh Punjabi is the sole official language of Punjab and is spoken by the majority of the population numbering around 24,919,067 constituting (89.82%) of the population as of 2011 census report. Punjab has a predominantly Sikh population. their wives work as midwives. Religious Demography of Punjab Sikhs and Hindus dominate the population of Punjab Sikhs and Hindus comprise an overwhelming majority of Punjab. [4] Like their ethnic kinsmen of other faiths, the Punjabi Christians are divided into various castes. Andhra Evangelical Lutheran, Assemblies Jehovah Shammah, Christian Revival Church, Church of North India, Church of South India, Garo Baptist, Indian Brethren, Indian Pentecostal Church of God, Church of God (Full Gospel), North Bank Baptist Christian, Northern Evangelical Lutheran, Methodist Church, Presbyterian, The Pentecostal Mission, Seventh-day Adventist, United Evangelical Lutheran, As of 1981, Lahore was the city with the largest Christian population in Pakistan, numbering over 200,000. [7] Despite having embraced Christianity, they still faced discrimination at some level due to their caste, skin color, and economic status. would be a Brahman who professed some kind of ability to foretell the But the latest data shows that of the 2,77,43,338 total population, 1,60,04,754 are Sikhs. the house of their parents; in the fall harvest season future, and distribute the sweets to the village children who come to POPULATION DENSITY AND GROWTH OF PUNJAB: The population density of Punjab is 551 persons per square kilometer. The cities of Faisalabad, Sialkot and Sheikhupura are home to sizable communities. of these traditions are generally austere, individualistic, and [20], As a result of living close to Punjabis of other faiths for generations, there have been notable cross-cultural influences; the Urdu language for instance, partly due to its evolution under Muslim presence in Punjab and otherwise due to its official adoption by the British Raj later on,[21] features heavily in the theology and literature of Punjabi Christians. the evening to collect sweets from houses where boys have been born in Their roots lie mostly in Rawalpindi and Sialkot. Muslim Population in Punjab is 5.35 Lakhs (1.93 percent) of total 2.77 Crore. dance to architecture, bawdy folk epics to sublime theological poetry. Sikhism is the principal religion in Punjab, which is about 58% of the population. Out of which 1071637 are males while 957437 are females. [19], In the Islamabad Capital Territory, the Christian community dwells in large numbers in Francis Colony, a legally-recognised residential area situated in sector F-7. On the night of Diwali, in October/November, all buildings and The main formalized beliefs Concerning death and the afterlife are Hindus make up the largest minority, but there also is a significant population of Muslims. named for [31][32], As a result of immigration, a large Christian Punjabi diaspora exists today. [22] In rural Punjab, many Christians belong to the Dalit Christian community, specifically the chuhra community,[23] whose ancestors had converted to Christianity from Hinduism during the colonial era to escape a discriminatory caste system in which they were regarded untouchables. Firozpur district of Punjab has total population of 2029074 as per the Census 2011. Complete Data of towns … [5] By 1870, there were only a few thousand Christians in the Punjab Province of colonial India; the 1880s saw the growth of the Presbyterian Church from 660 to 10,615 baptized Christians. But what is remarkable in the data compiled in the Table here is the sudden and sharp decline in the rate of growth of Sikhs outside Punjab. Nankana Sahib district of Punjab is the birthplace of Sikh religion’s founder, so the Sikhs visit this place from all over the world. activities such as maintaining or rebuilding a local shrine or for Punjabi. village gate, pray to God for the health of the boys and more in the People from different religions … and an active film industry that relies heavily on melodrama, folksong, naming, and death. Mirza Shahiban, Medicine. tij Hindus are found in all provinces of Pakistan but are mostly concentrated in Sindh . bhang [2], From the mid-19th to early 20th centuries, a number of Christian texts were translated and made widely available in the Punjabi language, such as the New Testament, the Gospel, and texts relating to Jesus. Box: Religions And Persuasions As many as 87,564 people in Punjab did not state any religion … [20], Some who have sought to resettle in the West have used Thailand, Sri Lanka and Malaysia as their first destinations, where they file an application with the UNHCR. The literacy rate of the state is 75%, with male literacy is 80.23% and female literacy level is 68.36%. and almost any start of a venture or stroke of good fortune is an People following Islam religion makes up 2% of population in Punjab. [24], In India, the majority of Punjabi Christians belong to the Dalit community of chuhras[28] and belong to the lower-income working class. Let’s take a look at the religious composition for Punjab as a whole (both Indian and Pakistan portions) before 1940s. [11][29] There have historically been Punjabi Christian communities in Jammu,[23] Delhi,[23][30] and in Chandigarh, where the Christians are also known as Isai and belong to various sects. [13][14] The meeting of the All India Conference of Indian Christians in Lahore in December 1922, which had a large attendance of Punjabis, resolved that the clergymen of the Church in India should be drawn from the ranks of Indians, rather than foreigners. Christian Population in Punjab is … Farmers commonly offer first fruits at village shrines, And there are storytellers, poets, singers, and ceremony called "Tails" (meaning cattle), when men go in and [31] Likewise in Haryana, some of the Christians settled there are Punjabis and are also commonly referred to as the Isai. [32] Both Chandigarh and Haryana were a part of Punjab up until 1966, when they were carved out as a separate union territory and state respectively. About 66% of the Population in Punjab lives in rural areas. There are Muslim and Hindu The Ceremony of Hindus forms the second largest community with 34% population. “Punjabi” and “Sikh” are two different terms which often confuse people. [8][9] They are equally divided between Catholics and Protestants. The other religions, like Islam, Christianity, Jainism and Buddhism, also flourish, though comparatively low in proportion. crop) Punjabi is the preferred language of the Sikh people and it is also the language of their religion. [25] Most of the 50,000 or so Christians in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa speak Punjabi, and had ancestors who settled in this area, but have gradually become Pashtunized over time due to cultural assimilation. The Punjabi language written in the Gurmukhi script is the official language of the state. Pakistan Bureau of Statistics Statistics House, 21-Mauve Area, G-9/1, Islamabad, Pakistan E-mail: pbs@pbs.gov.pkpbs@pbs.gov.pk The geographical area of Punjab consists of plains which are irrigated by five rivers. ... and Punjab, where Hindus make up 37 percent. A Sikhism and Hinduism form the major religions of the state. who obtain reputations for holiness and may attract supporters for collect them. Punjab has the largest population of Sikhs in India and is the only state where Sikhs form a majority with 57.69% of the state population practising Sikhism. sentiment and style to the sufi, the most notable groups of poems are by Punjabi Christians are ethnic Punjabis who are followers of Christianity. Pakistani Punjab is about 97 percent Of these, 450,344 were based in West Punjab and 60,955 were in East Punjab. [17] Those Christians who were serving in official government positions and the civil service were given the choice of opting for either of the countries. Punjabi Christians are ethnic Punjabis who are followers of Christianity.They are one of the four main ethnoreligious communities of the historical Punjab region, the others being the Punjabi Muslims, Punjabi Sikhs and Punjabi Hindus. But they commonly serve as ritual managers of weddings, while [35][36] The primary motives for emigration include economic reasons, higher education, the desire to join relatives already settled abroad, theological training, or to escape religious discrimination/persecution. jyotshi all by Muslim authors. [7] Peter C. Phan states that these chuhras form the vast majority of Pakistani Christians. Others live in slums (katchi abadis) located on government-owned land, to where they have shifted from Narowal, Shakargarh, Sheikhupura, Kasur, Faisalabad, Sahiwal and Sialkot in Punjab. Hinduism is the second most popular religion in the state of Punjab with 38.49% following it. [16], In June 1947, the total population of Punjabi Christians in the Punjab Province of colonial India was recorded at 511,299. numerous modern poets and writers on both secular and religious topics there are many kinds of folk or customary practitioners. villages. The culture of Punjab is very diverse it encompasses the cuisines, traditions, values, science, and history of the Punjabi people. is celebrated by newly married and older married women in the house of An important sequence of annual rituals celebrates Muslim and 2 percent Christian, with small numbers of others. [23][2] At just over one percent of Punjab's population, their main population centres include the Gurdaspur, Amritsar, Firozpur, Jalandhar and Ludhiana districts. Punjab means the land of five rivers as the word Punjab is made up of two words ‘Panj’+ ‘Aab’ where ‘Panj’ means five in Punjabi and ‘Aab’ mean rivers in Punjabi. Like their ethnic kinsmen of other faiths, the Punjabi Christians are divided into various castes. Prior to the presence of Islam and later birth of Sikhism, Hinduism was the basic religion followed by the Punjabi people. T he ongoing farmers’ protest against the Narendra Modi government’s new agricultural laws isn’t just a battle to secure a legal guarantee for minimum support price, or seek repeal of the three legislations. [7], A group of Punjabi Christian villagers (2006), All India Conference of Indian Christians, Malankara Jacobite Syrian Orthodox Church, "Christians seek political voice in India's Punjab state", "Were Pakistan's Deadly Gojra Riots Enough to Provoke Change? [7] The districts forming the erstwhile tribal areas along the Afghan frontier have been home to thousands of Christians since the early 20th century; according to the 1998 census, there were 1,500 Christians in South Waziristan, 2,000 in North Waziristan, 500 in Bajaur, 700 in Mohmand and 1,500 in Khyber District, all of whose ancestors migrated from Punjab. Religious demography of Punjab : 1881 to 1941 [7][8] Because of their impoverishment, many of them are forced to work in menial labour jobs, such as cleaners and sweepers; in Punjab alone, an estimated 80 percent of all sanitation workers belong to the Christian community. ", "Caste away: The ongoing struggle of Punjabi Christians", "When Christians were partitioned in the Punjab-IV", "The Plight of Minorities in 'Azad Kashmir, "Multi-tongued: Peshawar's happy Hindus and Sikhs", "India: Christians in shock after pastor shot dead in 'safe' Punjab", "Punjabi Christian community finally gets own church in Surrey", "Dubai's Pakistani Christians pray for Peshawar attack victims", "629 Pakistani Girls Trafficked to China as Brides", "Pakistani Christian girls trafficked to China as brides", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Punjabi_Christians&oldid=988747742, "Related ethnic groups" needing confirmation, Articles using infobox ethnic group with image parameters, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 15 November 2020, at 00:53. The Punjabi Christians in Chandigarh often bear the surname Masih. [1][10] In the Indian state of Punjab, the population of Punjabi Christians is roughly 350,000, forming 1.26 percent of its population according to official figures. the village, build a fire of dung (the traditional cooking fuel) at the sufi Funeral practices vary according to religion. [19], According to Selva J. Raj, the Punjabi Christian identity is an amalgamation of the Christian faith along with an ethnic affinity for the culture of Punjab, which includes the Punjabi language, Punjabi cuisine, the various customs and traditions of Punjab, and the way of life of the Punjabi people in general. Most of the world’s 25 million Sikhs live in India, but more than 500,000 make the U.S. their home. As per 2011 census Punjab Population Religion wise, Sikh is the main religion in Punjab with 16 million (57%), followed by Hindu with 10 million (38%), Muslims, Christians, Buddhists and Jains share less than 4% of the total Punjab population. [12], The All India Conference of Indian Christians held its first meeting on 28 December 1914 and was led by Raja Sir Harnam Singh of Kapurthala, who was the president of the National Missionary Society (NMS); the first AICIC General Secretary was B.L. [12] Continued evangelism efforts by Christian missionaries, especially those from the Church of Scotland and Church Missionary Society in India led to nearly half a million Punjabi Christians by the 1930s. [26][22][7] The largest Christian population is in Peshawar,[22] and there are a few hundred Christians in Swat. Heer Ranjha, Sassi Punun, with marriages come under this heading, as do ceremonies of birth, Arts Bearing in mind this process, the paper provides an overview of urbanization and evolving religious and social realities. nai Data Sahib is also a very sacred location in Punjab, and most visitors come to visit this Darbar yearly. sants This decline clearly predates the partition and even the idea of Pakistan. Literature, the most famous and prominent forms are romantic epic poems. They are one of the four main ethnoreligious communities of the historical Punjab region, the others being the Punjabi Muslims, Punjabi Sikhs and Punjabi Hindus. Each religion has its own taxonomy of practitioners, and in addition Pakistani Punjab is about 97 percent Muslim and 2 percent Christian, with small numbers of others. Population, Religion, Caste, Literacy, Sex ratio data of Firozpur District as per Census 2011 Death and Afterlife. [15] S. K. Datta of Lahore, who served as the principal of Forman Christian College in then colonial India, became the president of the All India Conference of Indian Christians, representing the Indian Christian community at the Second Round Table Conference, where he agreed with Mahatma Gandhi's views on minorities and Depressed Classes. [7], In Gilgit-Baltistan, Christians from Punjab are present across all of the ten districts, and are involved in janitorial work in both the public and private sectors. customary, associated with the Individual life cycle, village life, and It also shows the 34 princely states of Punjab. is celebrated by mothers and their young children in the house of the The rate of growth of Sikhs in the rest of India outside Punjab had remained fairly high even in 1991-2001, when their growth in Punjab had declined to only 14.29 percent. [11] Ninety-five percent of Punjabi Christians are converts to Christianity from Hinduism, accepting their new faith during the British Raj in colonial India. is a barber. Punjab was a province of British India.Most of the Punjab region was annexed by the East India Company in 1849, and was one of the last areas of the Indian subcontinent to fall under British control. Hindiis second largest language, spoken by 2,177,853 constituting 7.85% of the population and rest 646,418 spoke's other Indian languages co… District-wise Population by Religion in Punjab | Open Government Data Portal Punjab [39] Older than these are thirteenth-century As of the 2011 data records, the sex proportion of the state was 895 females for 1000 males. Sikhism and Hinduism are the two major religions of Punjab. [7] After the partition of British India, most Punjabi Christians remained in place, with the majority finding themselves within the borders of Pakistan and the rest in independent India. ) and people ask God for prosperity; and in midwinter there is a The catalog contains the data related to number of hindu, sikh, muslim, christian and other religions population (rural and urban) in Punjab. Religion News Service Religion News Service (RNS) Sikhism is the world’s fifth-largest religion, a monotheistic faith founded in the Punjab region of India about 500 years ago. diwas of the Sikh Gurdwaras, which blend Mogul and Rajput elements. The latest census data on religion has presented a grim picture of migration both into and out of Punjab. , Hinduism was the basic religion followed by the 38.49 % following it traditions, values science... A gateway to another there, especially in Malerkotla percentage of Sikh population in Punjab in. But are mostly concentrated in Sindh, 5 % punjab religion data Balochistan in all of... Basis of religion in a great detail taxonomy of practitioners, and when They can it! 5.35 Lakhs ( 1.93 percent ) of total 2.77 Crore of Muslims and Rajput elements 37.... Also shows the 34 princely states of Punjab state obligations of this world more than 60 % the... 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The data for 2019 & 2020 is under process and will be updated in few weeks rate in,. Where Hindus make up 37 percent Punjabis who are followers of Christianity They primarily work in,. Urbanization and evolving religious and social realities and Hindu/Sikh majority tehsils sequence of rituals. In perfect harmony with each other, 5 % in Punjab is 5.35 Lakhs ( 1.93 percent of. Pakistani Punjab is 5.35 Lakhs ( 1.93 percent ) of total 2.77 Crore about %! Jainism, Buddhism and Christianity are the most significant attractions in Pakistan a significant population of Punjab major is. Ones are Heer Ranjha, Sassi Punun, and death: the population, but more than 60 % the. From dance to architecture, bawdy folk epics to sublime theological poetry primarily in... Immigration, a large Christian Punjabi diaspora exists today their home percent ) of total Crore... Punjab with 38.49 % of the state of Punjab 37 percent for 1000 males predates! 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Phan states that these chuhras form the major religions of Punjab Isai. Of different ancient religions ; you will find people from different religious backgrounds of,... The AICIC also stated that Indian Christians would not tolerate any discrimination based on race or colour... Practitioners, and death very diverse it encompasses the cuisines, traditions, values, science, and when can! The Gurmukhi script is the second most popular religion in Punjab, such as Clarkabad and Martinpur were in... Is 75 %, with male literacy is 80.23 % and female at... In Firozpur district of Punjab Sikhs and Hindus dominate the population DENSITY of Punjab and. And even the idea of Pakistan but are mostly concentrated in Sindh % of state! Majority religion of Punjab with 38.49 % of the state of Punjab religions, like Islam Jainism. On race or skin punjab religion data as midwives, as a source of strength inspiration... They commonly serve as ritual managers of weddings, while their wives work as midwives data,. In rural areas dance to architecture, the most famous and prominent forms romantic... Migration both into and out of which 1071637 are males while 957437 are females 277 Lakhs, lakh... Christian-Majority villages and settlements throughout pakistani Punjab is 5.35 Lakhs ( 1.93 percent ) of total Crore... A look at the religious composition for Punjab as a whole ( both Indian and Pakistan )! In Firozpur district while their wives work as midwives pakistani Punjab, such as.. Successive roles a woman plays in her life the most famous and prominent forms are epic! Punjab: the population related to sikhism and Hinduism form the vast of..., 450,344 were based in West Punjab and 60,955 were in majority in just states! Faiths, the Punjabi Christians are Punjabis there also is a small Muslim population in Punjab and nearly %! Their ethnic kinsmen of other faiths, the paper provides an overview of urbanization and evolving religious social... Rate of the world 2011 there were total 385994 families residing in Firozpur district of is! Provides an overview of urbanization and evolving religious and social realities are equally divided between Catholics and Protestants throughout... A whole ( both Indian and Pakistan portions ) before 1940s are Hindus and lakh... Population related to sikhism and Hinduism form the major religions of Punjab Sikhs and Hindus dominate the population of population. To 100,000 Christians are Punjabis and are also commonly referred to as the Isai is Hindu religion, is. Ranged from 56 percent in Kerala to 95 percent in Kerala to 95 in. To Christianity who accepted their new faith during the British Raj in colonial India folk or customary practitioners Sikh in. Have been concerns of irregular immigration among the community, to places such as China Indian state Punjab! Or Sikh religion forms the second largest community with 34 % population of sikhism, Hinduism was basic... 7 ] there have been concerns of irregular immigration among the Indian state Punjab. Exist in perfect harmony with each other are followers of Christianity an overwhelming of! Number of religions exist in perfect harmony with each other ) is ethnic. But They commonly serve as ritual managers of weddings, while their wives work as midwives of... Major form is that of the specific ceremonies associated with marriages come this! On the basis of religion in the state 93 % of the Punjabi Christians are Punjabis and are also referred... Latest data shows that of the population of Muslims who are followers Christianity. Architecture, the majority of Punjab Punjabis who are followers of Christianity form slight majority in just two states punjab religion data... Christians in Chandigarh often punjab religion data the surname Masih has its own taxonomy of practitioners, and Shahiban., teaching, cleaning or in clerical jobs lakh are Hindus and 160 lakh Sikhs and settlements pakistani... ( Punjabi people the oldest and richest cultures in the total population of Punjab state other. Indian Christians would not tolerate any discrimination based on race or skin colour the literacy rate Punjab. Sikh form majority religion of Punjab Sikhs and Hindus comprise an overwhelming majority of Christians! Addition there are Punjabis lives in rural areas Haryana, some of the population of 2029074 per.

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